This article investigates some aspects related to the design, modeling, prototyping, and testing of soft–rigid tendon-driven grippers. As a case study, we present the design and development of a two-finger soft gripper and exploit it as an example to demonstrate the application scenario of our mathematical model based on screw theory. A mathematical formulation based on screw theory is then presented to model gripper dynamics. The proposed formulation is the extension of a model previously introduced including the mechanical system dynamics. In this type of gripper, it is possible to achieve different behaviors, e.g., different fingertip trajectories, equivalent fingertip stiffness ellipsoids, etc., while keeping the same kinematic structure of the gripper and varying the properties of its passive deformable joints. These properties can be varied in the prototype by properly regulating some manufacturing parameters, such as percentage of printing infill density in a 3D printing process. We performed experiments with the prototype of the gripper and an optical tracking system to validate the proposed mathematical formulation, and to compare its results with other simplified formulations. We furthermore identified the main performance of the gripper in terms of payload and maximum horizontal resisted force, and verified the capabilities of the gripper to grasp objects with different shapes and weights.

Hussain, I., Malvezzi, M., Gan, D., Iqbal, Z., Seneviratne, L., Prattichizzo, D., et al. (2020). Compliant gripper design, prototyping, and modeling using screw theory formulation. THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROBOTICS RESEARCH, 40(1), 55-71 [10.1177/0278364920947818].

### Compliant gripper design, prototyping, and modeling using screw theory formulation

#### Abstract

This article investigates some aspects related to the design, modeling, prototyping, and testing of soft–rigid tendon-driven grippers. As a case study, we present the design and development of a two-finger soft gripper and exploit it as an example to demonstrate the application scenario of our mathematical model based on screw theory. A mathematical formulation based on screw theory is then presented to model gripper dynamics. The proposed formulation is the extension of a model previously introduced including the mechanical system dynamics. In this type of gripper, it is possible to achieve different behaviors, e.g., different fingertip trajectories, equivalent fingertip stiffness ellipsoids, etc., while keeping the same kinematic structure of the gripper and varying the properties of its passive deformable joints. These properties can be varied in the prototype by properly regulating some manufacturing parameters, such as percentage of printing infill density in a 3D printing process. We performed experiments with the prototype of the gripper and an optical tracking system to validate the proposed mathematical formulation, and to compare its results with other simplified formulations. We furthermore identified the main performance of the gripper in terms of payload and maximum horizontal resisted force, and verified the capabilities of the gripper to grasp objects with different shapes and weights.
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2020
Hussain, I., Malvezzi, M., Gan, D., Iqbal, Z., Seneviratne, L., Prattichizzo, D., et al. (2020). Compliant gripper design, prototyping, and modeling using screw theory formulation. THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ROBOTICS RESEARCH, 40(1), 55-71 [10.1177/0278364920947818].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1115824`