Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), one of the ESKAPE pathogens, is an opportunistic Gram-negative bacterium responsible for nosocomial infections in humans but also for infections in patients affected by AIDS, cancer, or cystic fibrosis (CF). Treatment of PA infections in CF patients is a global healthcare problem due to the ability of PA to gain antibiotic tolerance through biofilm formation. Anti-virulence compounds represent a promising approach as adjuvant therapy, which could reduce or eliminate the pathogenicity of PA without impacting its growth. Pyocyanin is one of the virulence factors whose production is modulated by the Pseudomonas quinolone signal (PQS) through its receptor PqsR. Different PqsR modulators have been synthesized over the years, highlighting this new powerful therapeutic strategy. Based on the promising structure of quinazolin-4(3H)-one, we developed compounds 7a-d, 8a,b, 9, 10, and 11a-f able to reduce biofilm formation and the production of virulence factors (pyocyanin and pyoverdine) at 50 mu M in two PA strains responsible for CF acute and chronic infections. The developed compounds did not reduce the cell viability of IB3-1 bronchial CF cells, and computational studies confirmed the potential ability of novel compounds to act as potential Pqs system modulators.

Carullo, G., Di Bonaventura, G., Rossi, S., Lupetti, V., Tudino, V., Brogi, S., et al. (2023). Development of Quinazolinone Derivatives as Modulators of Virulence Factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Cystic Fibrosis Strains. MOLECULES, 28(18), 1-23 [10.3390/molecules28186535].

Development of Quinazolinone Derivatives as Modulators of Virulence Factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Cystic Fibrosis Strains

Carullo, Gabriele;Rossi, Sara;Tudino, Valeria;Brogi, Simone;Butini, Stefania;Campiani, Giuseppe;Gemma, Sandra
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), one of the ESKAPE pathogens, is an opportunistic Gram-negative bacterium responsible for nosocomial infections in humans but also for infections in patients affected by AIDS, cancer, or cystic fibrosis (CF). Treatment of PA infections in CF patients is a global healthcare problem due to the ability of PA to gain antibiotic tolerance through biofilm formation. Anti-virulence compounds represent a promising approach as adjuvant therapy, which could reduce or eliminate the pathogenicity of PA without impacting its growth. Pyocyanin is one of the virulence factors whose production is modulated by the Pseudomonas quinolone signal (PQS) through its receptor PqsR. Different PqsR modulators have been synthesized over the years, highlighting this new powerful therapeutic strategy. Based on the promising structure of quinazolin-4(3H)-one, we developed compounds 7a-d, 8a,b, 9, 10, and 11a-f able to reduce biofilm formation and the production of virulence factors (pyocyanin and pyoverdine) at 50 mu M in two PA strains responsible for CF acute and chronic infections. The developed compounds did not reduce the cell viability of IB3-1 bronchial CF cells, and computational studies confirmed the potential ability of novel compounds to act as potential Pqs system modulators.
2023
Carullo, G., Di Bonaventura, G., Rossi, S., Lupetti, V., Tudino, V., Brogi, S., et al. (2023). Development of Quinazolinone Derivatives as Modulators of Virulence Factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Cystic Fibrosis Strains. MOLECULES, 28(18), 1-23 [10.3390/molecules28186535].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1252916
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