We report a patient with a de novo interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 2 involving bands 2q24.3-q31.1. The patient shows postnatal growth retardation, microcephaly, ptosis, down-slanting palpebral fissures, long eyelashes and micrognathia. Halluces are long, broad and medially deviated, while the other toes are laterally deviated and remarkably short with hypoplastic phalanges. She also showed developmental delay, seizures, lack of eye contact, stereotypic and repetitive hand movements and sleep disturbances with breath holding. Prenatal and three independent postnatal karyotypes were normal. Array-CGH analysis allowed us to identify and characterize a "de novo" 2q interstitial deletion of about 10.4Mb, involving segment between cytogenetic bands 2q24.3 and 2q31.1. The deletion was confirmed by quantitative PCR. About 30 children with 2q interstitial deletion have been reported. The deletion described here is overlapping with 15 of these cases. We have attempted to compare the clinical features of our patient with 15 overlapping cases. The emerging phenotypes include low birth weight, postnatal growth retardation, mental retardation and developmental delay, microcephaly, and peculiar facial dysmorphisms. Peculiar long and broad halluces with an increased distance between the first and the second toe are ("sandal gap" sign) present in most of the described patients. The gene content analysis of the deleted region revealed the presence of some genes that may be indicated as good candidates in generating both neurological and dysmorphic phenotype in the patient. In particular, a cluster of SCNA genes is located within the deleted region and it is known that loss of function mutations in SCNA1 gene cause a severe form of epilepsy.
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|Titolo:||2q24-q31 deletion: report of a case and review of the literature.|
|Rivista:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL GENETICS|
|Citazione:||Pescucci, C., Caselli, R., Grosso, S., Mencarelli, M.a., Mari, F., Farnetani, M.a., et al. (2007). 2q24-q31 deletion: report of a case and review of the literature. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL GENETICS, 50(1), 21-32.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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