Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies (HMSN) are genetically heterogeneous disorders affecting peripheral motor and sensory functions. Many different pathogenic variants in several genes involved in the demyelinating, the axonal and the intermediate HMSN forms have been identified, for which all inheritance patterns have been described. The mutation screening currently available is based on Sanger sequencing and is time-consuming and relatively expensive due to the high number of genes involved and to the absence ofmutational hot spots. To overcome these limitations, we have designed a custom panel for simultaneous sequencing of 28 HMSN-related genes.We have applied this panel to three representative patientswith variable HMSN phenotype and uncertain diagnostic classifications. Using our NGS platform we rapidly identified three already described pathogenic heterozygous variants in MFN2, MPZ and DNM2 genes. Here we show that our pre-custom platform allows a fast, specific and low-cost diagnosis in sporadic HMSN cases. This prompt diagnosis is useful for providing a well-timed treatment, establishing a recurrence risk and preventing further investigations poorly tolerated by patients and expensive for the health system. Importantly, our study illustrates the utility and successful application of NGS to mutation screening of a Mendelian disorder with extreme locus heterogeneity.
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|Titolo:||Sporadic hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies: Advances in the diagnosis using next generation sequencing technology|
|Citazione:||Fallerini, C., Carignani, G., Capoccitti, G., Federico, A., Rufa, A., Pinto, A.M., et al. (2015). Sporadic hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies: Advances in the diagnosis using next generation sequencing technology. JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, 359(1-2), 409-417.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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