A series of substituted 1,5-diarylpyrrole-3-alkoxyethyl ethers (6, 7, and 8) has been synthesized with the aim to assess if in the previously reported 1,5-diarylpyrrole derivatives (5) the replacement of the acetic ester moiety with an alkoxyethyl group still led to new, highly selective and potent COX-2 inhibitors. In the in vitro cell culture assay, all the compounds proved to be potent and selective COX-2 inhibitors. In the human whole blood (HWB) assay, compound 8a had a comparable COX-2 selectivity to valdecoxib, while it was more selective than celecoxib but less selective than rofecoxib. The potential anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities of compounds 7a, 8a, and 8d were evaluated in vivo, where they showed a very good activity against both carrageenan-induced hyperalgesia and edema in the rat paw test. In the abdominal constriction test compound 7a, 8a, and 8d were able to reduce the number of writhes in a statistically significant manner. Furthermore, the affinity data of these compounds have been rationalized through enzyme docking simulations in terms of interactions with a crystallographic model of the COX-2 binding site by means of the software package Autodock 3.0.5, GRID 21, and MacroModel 8.5 using the complex between COX-2 and SC-558 (1b), refined at a 3 A resolution (Brookhaven Protein Data Bank entry: 6cox ).
|Titolo:||Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and Enzyme Docking Simulations of 1,5-Diarylpyrrole-3-Alkoxyethyl Ethers as Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors Endowed with Anti-inflammatory and Antinociceptive Activity|
|Citazione:||Anzini, M., Rovini, M., Cappelli, A., Vomero, S., Manetti, F., Botta, M., et al. (2008). Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and Enzyme Docking Simulations of 1,5-Diarylpyrrole-3-Alkoxyethyl Ethers as Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors Endowed with Anti-inflammatory and Antinociceptive Activity. JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 51(15), 4476-4481.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|