Tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein are among the major phenolic compounds in fruits, leaves and oils from Olea europaea L. These natural antioxidants molecules revealed several beneficial effects on human health, but a low bioavailability and accessibility to targeted site. Liposomes are drug/nutraceutical delivery carriers, used for driving bioactive molecules to desired target tissues, decreasing potential side effects and protecting the encapsulated molecule from enzymatic metabolic processes. In this study, zwitterionic liposomes containing tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein were synthesized and characterized for their size and surface charge. Particular attention was devoted to the determination of encapsulation efficiency (EE%), quantifying the loaded Tyr, HTyr and Ole amount, by using three different techniques: direct UV spectrophotometry, High Performance Liquid Chromatography and Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity assay. The results revealed higher EE% for oleuropein. Cyto-toxicity and cyto-compatibility of liposomes were also tested on human chondrocyte cells.

Bonechi, C., Donati, A., Tamasi, G., Pardini, A., Rostom, H., Leone, G., et al. (2019). Chemical characterization of liposomes containing nutraceutical compounds: tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein. BIOPHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, 246, 25-34 [10.1016/j.bpc.2019.01.002].

Chemical characterization of liposomes containing nutraceutical compounds: tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein

C. Bonechi
;
A. Donati
;
G. TAMASI;A. Pardini;G. Leone;S. Lamponi;M. Consumi;A. Magnani
;
C. Rossi
2019-01-01

Abstract

Tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein are among the major phenolic compounds in fruits, leaves and oils from Olea europaea L. These natural antioxidants molecules revealed several beneficial effects on human health, but a low bioavailability and accessibility to targeted site. Liposomes are drug/nutraceutical delivery carriers, used for driving bioactive molecules to desired target tissues, decreasing potential side effects and protecting the encapsulated molecule from enzymatic metabolic processes. In this study, zwitterionic liposomes containing tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein were synthesized and characterized for their size and surface charge. Particular attention was devoted to the determination of encapsulation efficiency (EE%), quantifying the loaded Tyr, HTyr and Ole amount, by using three different techniques: direct UV spectrophotometry, High Performance Liquid Chromatography and Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity assay. The results revealed higher EE% for oleuropein. Cyto-toxicity and cyto-compatibility of liposomes were also tested on human chondrocyte cells.
Bonechi, C., Donati, A., Tamasi, G., Pardini, A., Rostom, H., Leone, G., et al. (2019). Chemical characterization of liposomes containing nutraceutical compounds: tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein. BIOPHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, 246, 25-34 [10.1016/j.bpc.2019.01.002].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1072213