The P-glicoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor tariquidar is used to detect functional alterations of blood brain barrier pumps in PET imaging. The doses required, however, up to 4-fold higher than those already used in clinical trials to reverse multidrug resistance, cause syncopal episode and hypotension. Therefore, the effects of these doses toward the vasculature were investigated and an in-depth analysis of tariquidar-mediated effects on A7r5 and EA.hy926 cells viability, on the mechanical activity of freshly and cultured rat aorta rings and on L-type Ca2+current [ICa(L)] of A7r5 cells has been performed. In both A7r5 and EA.hy926 cells, tariquidar was not cytotoxic up to 1 Î¼M concentration. On the contrary, at 10 Î¼M, it caused apoptosis already after 24 h treatment. In fresh aorta rings, 10 Î¼M tariquidar partially relaxed phenylephrine-, but not 60 mM K+(K60)-induced contraction. In rings treated with 10 Î¼M tariquidar for 7 days, the contractile response to both phenylephrine and K60 remained unchanged. Finally, tariquidar did not modify ICa1.2intensity and kinetics. In conclusion, Tariquidar might exert both cytotoxic and acute, weak vascular effects at concentrations comparable to those employed in PET imaging. This implies that caution should be exercised when using it as diagnostic tool.
|Titolo:||In vitro vascular toxicity of tariquidar, a potential tool for in vivo PET studies|
SAPONARA, SIMONA (Corresponding)
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|