The Palaeolithic sequence of Grotta Paglicci (Gargano promontory, Apulia, Southern Italy) is one of the most important in the Mediterranean area: It comprises the whole Upper Palaeolithic cultural sequence known for the region, as well as Early Middle Palaeolithic and Lower Palaeolithic levels. These earlier phases are best represented in a collapsed room located outside the present-day cave (the so called "external rock shelter"). In this area, a new excavation, started in 2004, brought to light Middle Palaeolithic animal remains associated with evidence of spotted hyaena (SU 64 and 53). The spatial distribution analysis of remains from SU 53 revealed the presence of a bone accumulation area and a wider dispersal of hyaena coprolites. Three main ungulate species (aurochs, fallow deer and red deer) as well as carnivores (spotted hyaena, wolf, fox, wild cat and lynx) and lagomorphs have been identified. The majority of aurochs remains are located in the main accumulation; among these specimens, a complete metatarsal connected with three tarsal bones has been found; a talus and a complete tibia, probably belonging to the same limb, have also been identified. The multidisciplinary study carried out in this paper highlights a specific bone accumulation and scattering pattern in a spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta) den. In addition, taphonomy of lagomorph remains indicates the presence of other depositional agents.

Crezzini, J., Boschin, F., Boscato, P., Ricci, S., Ronchitelli, A.M., & Spagnolo, V. (2016). A Spotted Hyaena den in the Middle Palaeolithic of Grotta Paglicci (Gargano promontory – Apulia – Southern Italy). ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 8(2), 227-240 [10.1007/s12520-015-0273-0].

A Spotted Hyaena den in the Middle Palaeolithic of Grotta Paglicci (Gargano promontory – Apulia – Southern Italy)

Crezzini, Jacopo;Boschin, Francesco;Boscato, Paolo;Ricci, Stefano;Ronchitelli, Anna Maria;Spagnolo, Vincenzo
2016

Abstract

The Palaeolithic sequence of Grotta Paglicci (Gargano promontory, Apulia, Southern Italy) is one of the most important in the Mediterranean area: It comprises the whole Upper Palaeolithic cultural sequence known for the region, as well as Early Middle Palaeolithic and Lower Palaeolithic levels. These earlier phases are best represented in a collapsed room located outside the present-day cave (the so called "external rock shelter"). In this area, a new excavation, started in 2004, brought to light Middle Palaeolithic animal remains associated with evidence of spotted hyaena (SU 64 and 53). The spatial distribution analysis of remains from SU 53 revealed the presence of a bone accumulation area and a wider dispersal of hyaena coprolites. Three main ungulate species (aurochs, fallow deer and red deer) as well as carnivores (spotted hyaena, wolf, fox, wild cat and lynx) and lagomorphs have been identified. The majority of aurochs remains are located in the main accumulation; among these specimens, a complete metatarsal connected with three tarsal bones has been found; a talus and a complete tibia, probably belonging to the same limb, have also been identified. The multidisciplinary study carried out in this paper highlights a specific bone accumulation and scattering pattern in a spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta) den. In addition, taphonomy of lagomorph remains indicates the presence of other depositional agents.
Crezzini, J., Boschin, F., Boscato, P., Ricci, S., Ronchitelli, A.M., & Spagnolo, V. (2016). A Spotted Hyaena den in the Middle Palaeolithic of Grotta Paglicci (Gargano promontory – Apulia – Southern Italy). ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 8(2), 227-240 [10.1007/s12520-015-0273-0].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Crezzini_et_al_2015_AAS_Paglicci_Hyaena_den_online_version.pdf

non disponibili

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 2.39 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.39 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/980326