A brief review of the Francium trapping experiments at the INFN-LNL facility is presented in the wide context of Atomic Parity Non-Conservation, which, as long as acquiring more precise and new spectroscopic data on the Francium isotopes, is the ultimate goal of the experiment. Due to its instability, Francium atoms must be produced continuously by a nuclear fusion-evaporation reaction into a heated Gold target hit by a beam of accelerated Oxygen ions. Francium is then extracted in the ionic form and guided by an electrostatic line to the actual science chamber, where the ions are neutralized. Atoms are then cooled down and trapped in a Magneto-Optical Trap to ensure both the availability of a sufficiently populated and stable atomic sample and to eliminate the Doppler broadening which would affect the precision of the measurements. A review of the recent improvements to the experimental apparatus and to the detection techniques that led to a sensitivity better than 5 atoms is presented. The final part of this article deals with a summary of the recent results obtained by our collaboration and a short outlook for the immediate future.

Mariotti, E., Khanbekyan, A., Marinelli, C., Marmugi, L., Moi, L., Corradi, L., et al. (2014). Francium trapping at the INFN-LNL facility. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MODERN PHYSICS E, 23(5) [10.1142/S0218301314300094].

Francium trapping at the INFN-LNL facility

Mariotti, E.;Khanbekyan, A.;Marinelli, C.;Marmugi, L.;Moi, L.;
2014

Abstract

A brief review of the Francium trapping experiments at the INFN-LNL facility is presented in the wide context of Atomic Parity Non-Conservation, which, as long as acquiring more precise and new spectroscopic data on the Francium isotopes, is the ultimate goal of the experiment. Due to its instability, Francium atoms must be produced continuously by a nuclear fusion-evaporation reaction into a heated Gold target hit by a beam of accelerated Oxygen ions. Francium is then extracted in the ionic form and guided by an electrostatic line to the actual science chamber, where the ions are neutralized. Atoms are then cooled down and trapped in a Magneto-Optical Trap to ensure both the availability of a sufficiently populated and stable atomic sample and to eliminate the Doppler broadening which would affect the precision of the measurements. A review of the recent improvements to the experimental apparatus and to the detection techniques that led to a sensitivity better than 5 atoms is presented. The final part of this article deals with a summary of the recent results obtained by our collaboration and a short outlook for the immediate future.
Mariotti, E., Khanbekyan, A., Marinelli, C., Marmugi, L., Moi, L., Corradi, L., et al. (2014). Francium trapping at the INFN-LNL facility. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MODERN PHYSICS E, 23(5) [10.1142/S0218301314300094].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/46199
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