INTRODUCTION: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) participates in the immune response to Toxoplasma gondii, triggers ERK1/2 and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) activation, but there is limited information on these mechanisms in human trophoblast. The present study aimed to verify the role of MIF in the ERK1/2 phosphorylation and PGE2 production, as well as its effect on the susceptibility to T. gondii in BeWo cells. METHODS: BeWo cells were treated with increasing concentrations of recombinant MIF (rMIF) and/or T. gondii-soluble tachyzoite antigen (STAg) and analyzed for ERK1/2 phosphorylation and PGE2 production by Western blotting and ELISA, respectively. Cells were also treated with increasing concentrations of rMIF, rPGE2, or ERK1/2 inhibitor and tested for T. gondii proliferation. The supernatants of cells treated with rPGE2 were assayed for cytokine production by ELISA or CBA. RESULTS: ERK1/2 phosphorylation and PGE2 production increased when the cells were treated with low MIF concentrations while the parasitism control occurred only at high MIF concentrations. STAg was unable to change ERK1/2 phosphorylation or PGE2 release. BeWo cells demonstrated increased T. gondii proliferation and reduced production of pro-inflammatory cytokines when treated with PGE2, while PD98059 diminished the parasite proliferation. DISCUSSION: The intracellular mechanisms triggered by MIF are dose-dependent in BeWo cells, and PGE2 is an important factor for the persistence of T. gondii at the maternal fetal interface. CONCLUSION: MIF was unable to control T. gondii infection in BeWo cells at low concentrations since ERK1/2 and PGE2 expression were activated, demonstrating a critical effect of these mediators favoring parasite proliferation.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Scheda prodotto in fase di analisi da parte dello staff di validazione
|Titolo:||Susceptibility to Toxoplasma gondii proliferation in BeWo human trophoblast cells is dose-dependent of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), via ERK1/2 phosphorylation and prostaglandin E2 production.|
|Citazione:||Barbosa, B.f., Ricci, L., Ietta, F., Bechi, N., Romagnoli, R., Gomes, A.o., et al. (2014). Susceptibility to Toxoplasma gondii proliferation in BeWo human trophoblast cells is dose-dependent of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), via ERK1/2 phosphorylation and prostaglandin E2 production. PLACENTA, 35(3), 152-162.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|