OBJECTIVE: Alkaptonuria (AKU) is an ultra-rare autosomal recessive disease that currently lacks an appropriate therapy. Recently we provided experimental evidence that AKU is a secondary serum amyloid A (SAA)-based amyloidosis. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the use of antioxidants to inhibit SAA amyloid and pro-inflammatory cytokine release in AKU. METHODS: We adopted a human chondrocytic cell AKU model to evaluate the anti-amyloid capacity of a set of antioxidants that had previously been shown to counteract ochronosis in a serum AKU model. Amyloid presence was evaluated by Congo red staining. Homogentisic acid-induced SAA production and pro-inflammatory cytokine release (overexpressed in AKU patients) were evaluated by ELISA and multiplex systems, respectively. Lipid peroxidation was evaluated by means of a fluorescence-based assay. RESULTS: Our AKU model allowed us to prove the efficacy of ascorbic acid combined with N-acetylcysteine, taurine, phytic acid and lipoic acid in significantly inhibiting SAA production, pro-inflammatory cytokine release and membrane lipid peroxidation. CONCLUSION: All the tested antioxidant compounds were able to reduce the production of amyloid and may be the basis for establishing new therapies for AKU amyloidosis.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Scheda prodotto in fase di analisi da parte dello staff di validazione
|Titolo:||Antioxidants inhibit SAA formation and pro-inflammatory cytokine release in a human cell model of alkaptonuria.|
|Citazione:||Spreafico, A., Millucci, L., Ghezzi, L., Geminiani, M., Braconi, D., Amato, L., et al. (2013). Antioxidants inhibit SAA formation and pro-inflammatory cytokine release in a human cell model of alkaptonuria. RHEUMATOLOGY, 52((9)), 1667-1673.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|