BACKGROUND: Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited cerebral small vessel disease, clinically characterized by migraine, recurrent transient ischemic attacks or strokes, psychiatric disorders and cognitive decline. Strokes are typically ischemic, while hemorrhagic events have been only sporadically described. However, cerebral microbleeds have been found in 31-69% of CADASIL patients. METHODS: We describe four unrelated CADASIL patients who had hemorrhagic strokes. We also briefly review the literature on intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in CADASIL. RESULTS: Three patients had a thalamo-capsular hemorrhage (age at onset: 54, 67, 77) and one of these had a second hemispheric cerebellar hemorrhage. Another patient experienced an interpeduncular cistern subarachnoid hemorrhage when he was 39. None of these patients was receiving antiplatelets, anticoagulants or statins at the time of hemorrhage; all were hypertensive. NOTCH3 gene analysis revealed mutations on exons 14, 22 (two patients presenting the same mutation), and 24. MRI signs of previous hemorrhages were present in all these patients. CONCLUSIONS: Hemorrhagic stroke can occur in CADASIL similarly to sporadic cerebral small vessel diseases; this finding expands the phenotype of the disease. A diagnosis of CADASIL should probably be considered also in patients with ICH. These data bear potential implications in terms of need of better control of risk factors, particularly hypertension, and raise relevant questions about the use of antiplatelets as prevention measures in CADASIL patients.
|Titolo:||Cerebral hemorrhages in CADASIL: Report of four cases and a brief review.|
|Citazione:||Rinnoci, V., Nannucci, S., Valenti, R., Donnini, I., Bianchi, S., Pescini, F., et al. (2013). Cerebral hemorrhages in CADASIL: Report of four cases and a brief review. JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, 330(1-2), 45-51.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|