The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential toxicological effects on fish related to the leakage of yperite from rusted bomb shells dumped at sea. Both in vivo and field studies have been performed. As for the in vivo experiment, specimen of European eel were subcutaneously injected with 0.015, 0.15 and 1.5 mg/kg of yperite and sacrificed after 24 and 48 h. In the field study, specimen of Conger eel were collected from a dumping site in the Southern Adriatic Sea. The presence/absence of yperite in tissues, genotoxicity, detoxification enzymes, histological alterations and gross abnormalities were investigated. Results of the in vivo experiment showed a significant increase of EROD activity at both 24 h and 48 h. UGT activity increased significantly at 48 h post injection. An acute inflammatory response after 24 h in skin layers and muscle was observed, associated to cell degeneration and necrosis after 48 h at the highest dose. On field, comet assay revealed genotoxicity in gills of fish from the dumping site. Specimen from the dumping site showed significantly higher EROD activities compared to controls, deep ulcers and papules on skin together with liver and spleen histopathological lesions.
|Titolo:||Environmental hazard of yperite released at sea: sublethal toxic effects on fish|
|Citazione:||DELLA TORRE, C., Petochi, T., Farchi, C., Corsi, I., Dinardo, M.M., Sammarini, V., et al. (2013). Environmental hazard of yperite released at sea: sublethal toxic effects on fish. JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, 248-249, 246-253.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|