In this paper a pencil and paper optimized design for CML and ECL gates is proposed. The approaches are based on simple models which show errors lower than 20% compared with Spice simulations. The optimization is performed in terms of bias currents which give the minimum propagation delay, and it is demonstrated that at the cost of a 10% increase in propagation delay we can reduce the power dissipation by 40%. Strategies to optimize the transistor area of the CML gates are also discussed. A comparison between the optimized CML and ECL is made. It shows the advantage of the CML gate with respect to the ECL in terms of propagation delay. However, this feature of CML is paid for in terms of power dissipation. The simple models used and the design strategies are validated by using both a traditional and a high-speed bipolar process which have a transition frequency equal to 6 GHz and 20 GHz, respectively.

Alioto, M.B.C., & Palumbo, G. (1999). CML and ECL: Optimized Design and Comparison. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS I. FUNDAMENTAL THEORY AND APPLICATIONS, 46(11), 1330-1341.

CML and ECL: Optimized Design and Comparison

ALIOTO, MASSIMO BRUNO CRIS;
1999

Abstract

In this paper a pencil and paper optimized design for CML and ECL gates is proposed. The approaches are based on simple models which show errors lower than 20% compared with Spice simulations. The optimization is performed in terms of bias currents which give the minimum propagation delay, and it is demonstrated that at the cost of a 10% increase in propagation delay we can reduce the power dissipation by 40%. Strategies to optimize the transistor area of the CML gates are also discussed. A comparison between the optimized CML and ECL is made. It shows the advantage of the CML gate with respect to the ECL in terms of propagation delay. However, this feature of CML is paid for in terms of power dissipation. The simple models used and the design strategies are validated by using both a traditional and a high-speed bipolar process which have a transition frequency equal to 6 GHz and 20 GHz, respectively.
Alioto, M.B.C., & Palumbo, G. (1999). CML and ECL: Optimized Design and Comparison. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS I. FUNDAMENTAL THEORY AND APPLICATIONS, 46(11), 1330-1341.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/36157
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