To evaluate whether the hypothalamus is the site of action of CRF in inhibiting LH levels in female rats, we measured hypophysial-portal blood concentrations of immunoreactive GnRH (irGnRH) after the central injection of CRF. Ovine CRF (0.1, 1.0, 2.0, and 5.0 nmol) was injected intracerebroventricularly to intact rats on the afternoon of proestrus and in long term ovariectomized (OVX) rats in the presence or in absence of estradiol benzoate (OVX + EB). CRF injection decreased the amplitude of the proestrous irGnRH surge without affecting presurge levels. CRF (0.1 nmol) attenuated the afternoon irGnRH surge in OVX + EB rats; higher doses of CRF blocked this surge and decreased nonsurge irGnRH levels. No dose-related alterations of irGnRH levels were observed in OVX rats; only the highest dose of CRF was active. For comparison, plasma LH concentrations were measured after a single dose of CRF (2 nmol) in rats under the same experimental conditions. While CRF decreased LH concentrations in anesthetized proestrous and OVX + EB rats, it was inactive in OVX rats. In contrast, CRF injection in awake rats did decrease LH concentrations in all experimental conditions, suggesting that in OVX rats, the anesthetic (Saffan) used during portal blood collection affected CRF action on LH secretion. Indeed, the observation that the LH response to opiate receptor blockade with naloxone (2.5 mg/kg) in anesthetized OVX rats was different compared to that in awake rats suggested that the ineffectiveness of CRF to decrease irGnRH and LH in OVX anesthetized rats was related to the action of the anesthetic on the opioid system. The existence of a putative CRF-opioid interaction in the inhibitory control of LH secretion was supported by the effectiveness of naloxone to reverse the CRF-induced decrease in LH levels in EB-treated and untreated OVX rats. These results indicate that CRF attenuates LH secretion by a central action to inhibit irGnRH release into the hypophysial-portal circulation and that this action is independent of basal concentrations of irGnRH and/or LH. Moreover, the present results support the involvement of endogenous opioids in mediating the effect of CRF on LH secretion.

Petraglia, F., Sutton, S., Vale, W., & Plotsky, P. (1987). Corticotropin-releasing factor decreases plasma luteinizing hormone levels in female rats by inhibiting gonadotropin-releasing hormone release into hypophysial-portal circulation. ENDOCRINOLOGY, 120(3), 1083-1088 [10.1210/endo-120-3-1083].

Corticotropin-releasing factor decreases plasma luteinizing hormone levels in female rats by inhibiting gonadotropin-releasing hormone release into hypophysial-portal circulation

Petraglia, F.;
1987

Abstract

To evaluate whether the hypothalamus is the site of action of CRF in inhibiting LH levels in female rats, we measured hypophysial-portal blood concentrations of immunoreactive GnRH (irGnRH) after the central injection of CRF. Ovine CRF (0.1, 1.0, 2.0, and 5.0 nmol) was injected intracerebroventricularly to intact rats on the afternoon of proestrus and in long term ovariectomized (OVX) rats in the presence or in absence of estradiol benzoate (OVX + EB). CRF injection decreased the amplitude of the proestrous irGnRH surge without affecting presurge levels. CRF (0.1 nmol) attenuated the afternoon irGnRH surge in OVX + EB rats; higher doses of CRF blocked this surge and decreased nonsurge irGnRH levels. No dose-related alterations of irGnRH levels were observed in OVX rats; only the highest dose of CRF was active. For comparison, plasma LH concentrations were measured after a single dose of CRF (2 nmol) in rats under the same experimental conditions. While CRF decreased LH concentrations in anesthetized proestrous and OVX + EB rats, it was inactive in OVX rats. In contrast, CRF injection in awake rats did decrease LH concentrations in all experimental conditions, suggesting that in OVX rats, the anesthetic (Saffan) used during portal blood collection affected CRF action on LH secretion. Indeed, the observation that the LH response to opiate receptor blockade with naloxone (2.5 mg/kg) in anesthetized OVX rats was different compared to that in awake rats suggested that the ineffectiveness of CRF to decrease irGnRH and LH in OVX anesthetized rats was related to the action of the anesthetic on the opioid system. The existence of a putative CRF-opioid interaction in the inhibitory control of LH secretion was supported by the effectiveness of naloxone to reverse the CRF-induced decrease in LH levels in EB-treated and untreated OVX rats. These results indicate that CRF attenuates LH secretion by a central action to inhibit irGnRH release into the hypophysial-portal circulation and that this action is independent of basal concentrations of irGnRH and/or LH. Moreover, the present results support the involvement of endogenous opioids in mediating the effect of CRF on LH secretion.
Petraglia, F., Sutton, S., Vale, W., & Plotsky, P. (1987). Corticotropin-releasing factor decreases plasma luteinizing hormone levels in female rats by inhibiting gonadotropin-releasing hormone release into hypophysial-portal circulation. ENDOCRINOLOGY, 120(3), 1083-1088 [10.1210/endo-120-3-1083].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/34480
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