CRF circulates in high concentration in pregnant woman. It is produced by the placenta and the other intrauterine tissues (maternal decidua, amnion, and chorion). Recently, a CRF-binding protein (CRF-BP) has been identified and cloned. It binds the circulating CRF, reducing its biological action during pregnancy. Liver is the major source of CRF-BP. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether human placenta and intrauterine tissues produce CRF-BP. The localization of mRNA and immune CRF-BP by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, respectively, was performed. Antisense and sense riboprobes synthesized from a fragment of human CRF-BP cRNA and a specific rabbit anti-hCRF-BP serum was used. The syncytial layer of placental villi at term intensely expressed CRF-BP mRNA and immunoreactivity, whereas rare positively hybridized cells were observed within the cytotrophoblasts and mesenchymal cells. Large decidual cells, amniotic epithelial cells, and chorionic cytotrophoblast stained positively for CRF-BP mRNA and protein. Control sections collected from the same tissues failed to show any positive localization of sense strand cRNA probe and antiserum preadsorbed with immunogen. Finally, the addition of recombinant CRF-BP to human cultured placental cells significantly decreased CRF-induced ACTH release, with a dose-dependent effect. The present data show that local production of CRF-BP occurs in human trophoblast and intrauterine tissues and may represent one of the major mechanisms used by targets tissues to control CRF activity during pregnancy.
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|Titolo:||Corticotropin-releasing factor-binding protein is produced by human placenta and intrauterine tissues.|
|Citazione:||Petraglia, F., Potter, E., Cameron, V.a., Sutton, S., Behan, D.p., Woods, R.j., et al. (1993). Corticotropin-releasing factor-binding protein is produced by human placenta and intrauterine tissues. THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 77(4), 919-924.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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