Hirsutism, acne and androgenic alopecia represent, in females, some of the manifestations of the clinical spectrum of hyperandrogenism. These pictures represent not only cosmetic damage, but also a source of remarkable psychological distress. Often hirsutism is regarded as presumptive evidence of lack of femininity. the major diagnostic concern is to exclude ovarian or adrenal androgen-secreting tumor, a congenital hyperplasia or polycystic ovary disease. Ethnic background should be taken into account together with the progression of the symptoms. Following the etiology, surgery and exogenous glucocorticoids or inhibition of gonadotropin secretion have to be carefully chosen in the management of different kinds of hyperandrogenism. Several pharmacolgic agents have recently shown the ability to block the androgen receptors at target organ sites, thus allowing a specific antiandrogenic treatment. In some cases cosmetic measures could be of great value. Obesity accompanied by hyperinsulinemia can represent the main cause of ovary androgen hypersecretion; therefore a reduced body weight and muscle activity represent the basis of any treatment. Some other drugs, such as long-acting analogs of somatostatin, could be considered among possible drugs for the future. The aim of this article is to provide an appraisal of what is presently known about the regulation of hair growth, the various causes of excessive androgen secretion and the current methods to solve, safely, this important feminine clinical problem.

Pucci, E., & Petraglia, F. (1997). Treatment of androgen excess in females: yesterday, today and tomorrow. GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, 11(6), 411-433 [10.3109/09513599709152569].

Treatment of androgen excess in females: yesterday, today and tomorrow

Petraglia, F.
1997

Abstract

Hirsutism, acne and androgenic alopecia represent, in females, some of the manifestations of the clinical spectrum of hyperandrogenism. These pictures represent not only cosmetic damage, but also a source of remarkable psychological distress. Often hirsutism is regarded as presumptive evidence of lack of femininity. the major diagnostic concern is to exclude ovarian or adrenal androgen-secreting tumor, a congenital hyperplasia or polycystic ovary disease. Ethnic background should be taken into account together with the progression of the symptoms. Following the etiology, surgery and exogenous glucocorticoids or inhibition of gonadotropin secretion have to be carefully chosen in the management of different kinds of hyperandrogenism. Several pharmacolgic agents have recently shown the ability to block the androgen receptors at target organ sites, thus allowing a specific antiandrogenic treatment. In some cases cosmetic measures could be of great value. Obesity accompanied by hyperinsulinemia can represent the main cause of ovary androgen hypersecretion; therefore a reduced body weight and muscle activity represent the basis of any treatment. Some other drugs, such as long-acting analogs of somatostatin, could be considered among possible drugs for the future. The aim of this article is to provide an appraisal of what is presently known about the regulation of hair growth, the various causes of excessive androgen secretion and the current methods to solve, safely, this important feminine clinical problem.
Pucci, E., & Petraglia, F. (1997). Treatment of androgen excess in females: yesterday, today and tomorrow. GYNECOLOGICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, 11(6), 411-433 [10.3109/09513599709152569].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/33321
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