(1) Taurine and GABA are recognized as endogenous cryogens. In a previous study, some structural analogues of taurine, namely 6-aminomethyl-3-methyl-4H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide (TAG), 2-aminoethylarsonic (AEA), 2-hydroxyethanesulfonic (ISE) and (+/-)cis-2-aminocyclohexane sulfonic acids (CAHS) have been shown to displace [(3)H]taurine binding from rabbit brain synaptic membrane preparations, without interacting either with GABA-ergic systems, nor with taurine uptake mechanism, thus behaving like direct taurinergic agents. (2) To answer the question whether the role of taurine as an endogenous cryogen depends on the activation of GABA receptors or that of specific taurine receptor(s), taurine or the above structural analogues were injected intracerebroventricularly in conscious, restrained rabbits singularly or in combination and their effects on rectal (RT)- and ear-skin temperature and gross motor behavior (GMB) were monitored. (3) Taurine (1.2 x 10(-6)-4.8 x 10(-5) mol) induced a dose-related hypothermia, vasodilation at ear vascular bed and inhibition of GMB. CAHS, at the highest dose tested (4.8 x 10(-5) mol) induced a taurine-like effect either on RT or GMB. On the contrary ISE, injected at the same doses of taurine, induced a dose-related hyperthermia, vasoconstriction and excitation of GMB. AEA and TAG caused a dose-related hyperthermia, but at doses higher than 1.2 x 10(-7) mol caused death within 24 h after treatment. (4) CAHS (4.8 x 10(-5) mol) antagonized the hyperthermic effect induced by TAG (1.2 x 10(-6) mol), AEA (1.2 x 10(-8) mol) or ISE (4.8 x 10(-5) mol). (5) In conclusion, these findings may indicate the existence of a recognition site specific for taurine, responsible for its effects on thermoregulation.

Frosini, M., Sesti, C., Saponara, S., Ricci, L., Valoti, M., Palmi, M., et al. (2003). A specific taurine recognition site in the rabbit brain is responsible for taurine effects on thermoregulation. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 139(3), 487-494 [10.1038/sj.bjp.0705274].

A specific taurine recognition site in the rabbit brain is responsible for taurine effects on thermoregulation.

FROSINI, MARIA;SAPONARA, SIMONA;RICCI, LORENZO;VALOTI, MASSIMO;PALMI, MITRI;SGARAGLI, GIAN PIETRO
2003-01-01

Abstract

(1) Taurine and GABA are recognized as endogenous cryogens. In a previous study, some structural analogues of taurine, namely 6-aminomethyl-3-methyl-4H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide (TAG), 2-aminoethylarsonic (AEA), 2-hydroxyethanesulfonic (ISE) and (+/-)cis-2-aminocyclohexane sulfonic acids (CAHS) have been shown to displace [(3)H]taurine binding from rabbit brain synaptic membrane preparations, without interacting either with GABA-ergic systems, nor with taurine uptake mechanism, thus behaving like direct taurinergic agents. (2) To answer the question whether the role of taurine as an endogenous cryogen depends on the activation of GABA receptors or that of specific taurine receptor(s), taurine or the above structural analogues were injected intracerebroventricularly in conscious, restrained rabbits singularly or in combination and their effects on rectal (RT)- and ear-skin temperature and gross motor behavior (GMB) were monitored. (3) Taurine (1.2 x 10(-6)-4.8 x 10(-5) mol) induced a dose-related hypothermia, vasodilation at ear vascular bed and inhibition of GMB. CAHS, at the highest dose tested (4.8 x 10(-5) mol) induced a taurine-like effect either on RT or GMB. On the contrary ISE, injected at the same doses of taurine, induced a dose-related hyperthermia, vasoconstriction and excitation of GMB. AEA and TAG caused a dose-related hyperthermia, but at doses higher than 1.2 x 10(-7) mol caused death within 24 h after treatment. (4) CAHS (4.8 x 10(-5) mol) antagonized the hyperthermic effect induced by TAG (1.2 x 10(-6) mol), AEA (1.2 x 10(-8) mol) or ISE (4.8 x 10(-5) mol). (5) In conclusion, these findings may indicate the existence of a recognition site specific for taurine, responsible for its effects on thermoregulation.
Frosini, M., Sesti, C., Saponara, S., Ricci, L., Valoti, M., Palmi, M., et al. (2003). A specific taurine recognition site in the rabbit brain is responsible for taurine effects on thermoregulation. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 139(3), 487-494 [10.1038/sj.bjp.0705274].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/31797
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