Pivagabine [4-(2.2-dimethyl-l-oxopropylamino) butanoic acid] (PVG) is a hydrophobic 4-aminobutyric acid derivative with neuromodulatory activity. The effects of subchronic treatment with PVG on stress-induced changes both on brain concentrations of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and neurosteroids and on the function of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor complex were investigated in male rats. Subchronic treatment with PVG (100-200 mg/kg, i.p.) resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of the foot shock-induced increase in the binding of t-[35S]butylbicyclophosphorothionate to unwashed membranes prepared from the cerebral cortex of rats killed immediately after stress; PVG treatment alone had no effect on this parameter. This antagonistic action of PVG was also shown in adrenalectomized-orchietomized rats. Foot-shock stress decreased by 74% and increased by 125% the CRF concentration in the hypothalamus and cerebral cortex, respectively. PVG prevented these effects of stress on CRF concentration in both brain regions; this drug per se reduced hypothalamic CRF concentration by 52% but had no effect in the cortex. Moreover, intracerebroventricular injection of CRF, like stress, induced a dose-dependent increase of [35S]TBPS binding to cerebral cortical membranes: an effect not prevented by subchronic treatment of PVG. Finally, PVG did not antagonize the stress-induced increases in the concentrations of neuroactive steroids in brain or plasma. These results suggest that the marked antistress action of PVG is mediated by antagonizing the effects of stress on GABA(A) receptor function and CRF concentrations in the brain, but not by altering the stress-induced increase in neurosteroid concentrations.

Serra, M., Concas, A., Mostallino, M.C., Chessa, M.F., Stomati, M., Petraglia, F., et al. (1999). Antagonism by pivagabine of stress-induced changes in GABA receptor function and corticotropin-releasing factor concentrations in rat brain. PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOLOGY, 24(3), 269-284 [10.1016/S0306-4530(98)00049-3].

Antagonism by pivagabine of stress-induced changes in GABA receptor function and corticotropin-releasing factor concentrations in rat brain

PETRAGLIA, F.;
1999

Abstract

Pivagabine [4-(2.2-dimethyl-l-oxopropylamino) butanoic acid] (PVG) is a hydrophobic 4-aminobutyric acid derivative with neuromodulatory activity. The effects of subchronic treatment with PVG on stress-induced changes both on brain concentrations of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and neurosteroids and on the function of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor complex were investigated in male rats. Subchronic treatment with PVG (100-200 mg/kg, i.p.) resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of the foot shock-induced increase in the binding of t-[35S]butylbicyclophosphorothionate to unwashed membranes prepared from the cerebral cortex of rats killed immediately after stress; PVG treatment alone had no effect on this parameter. This antagonistic action of PVG was also shown in adrenalectomized-orchietomized rats. Foot-shock stress decreased by 74% and increased by 125% the CRF concentration in the hypothalamus and cerebral cortex, respectively. PVG prevented these effects of stress on CRF concentration in both brain regions; this drug per se reduced hypothalamic CRF concentration by 52% but had no effect in the cortex. Moreover, intracerebroventricular injection of CRF, like stress, induced a dose-dependent increase of [35S]TBPS binding to cerebral cortical membranes: an effect not prevented by subchronic treatment of PVG. Finally, PVG did not antagonize the stress-induced increases in the concentrations of neuroactive steroids in brain or plasma. These results suggest that the marked antistress action of PVG is mediated by antagonizing the effects of stress on GABA(A) receptor function and CRF concentrations in the brain, but not by altering the stress-induced increase in neurosteroid concentrations.
Serra, M., Concas, A., Mostallino, M.C., Chessa, M.F., Stomati, M., Petraglia, F., et al. (1999). Antagonism by pivagabine of stress-induced changes in GABA receptor function and corticotropin-releasing factor concentrations in rat brain. PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOLOGY, 24(3), 269-284 [10.1016/S0306-4530(98)00049-3].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/31565
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