OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the efficacy of naltrexone administration in patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea correlates to the response to an acute naloxone test. DESIGN: Thirty patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea associated with weight loss were studied. After naloxone test (4 mg in bolus IV) patients were divided into two groups: group A, nonresponsive (n = 15) and group B, responsive (n = 15). Group A underwent two cycles of hormonal replacement therapy with E2 patches and medroxyprogesterone acetate. Then all patients were administered naltrexone at the dosage 50 mg/d orally for 6 months. A third group of 10 amenorrheic patients were treated with oral placebo with the same schedule. RESULTS: Plasma gonadal steroid levels increased in all patients and in 24 of 30 patients the menstrual bleeding occurred within 90 days from the beginning of treatment. After 6 months from naltrexone discontinuation, 18 of 24 patients still showed the occurrence of menstrual cycles. Luteinizing hormone plasma levels and LH pulse amplitude increased after 3 months of treatment and remained unchanged 6 months after naltrexone suspension. Plasma FSH levels did not show any change in any patient. The body mass index increased after 3 months in all patients who menstruated. Patients treated with placebo did not show any significant change in gonadotropins and gonadal steroid plasma levels. CONCLUSIONS: The present study supports the efficacy of naltrexone therapy for patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea either responsive or nonresponsive to naloxone test.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Scheda prodotto in fase di analisi da parte dello staff di validazione
|Titolo:||Naltrexone treatment restores menstrual cycles in patients with weight loss-related amenorrhea.|
|Citazione:||Gennazzani, A.d., Petraglia, F., Gastaldi, M., Volpogni, C., Gamba, O., & Gennazzani, A.R. (1995). Naltrexone treatment restores menstrual cycles in patients with weight loss-related amenorrhea. FERTILITY AND STERILITY, 64(5), 951-956.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
File in questo prodotto: