The role played by stereochemistry in the C2-substituent (left part) on the S-DABO scaffold for anti-HIV-1 activity has been investigated for the first time. A series of S-DABO analogues, where the double bond in the C2-substituent is replaced by an enantiopure isosteric cyclopropyl moiety, has been synthesized, leading to the identification of a potent lead compound endowed with picomolar activity against RT (wt) and nanomolar activity against selected drug-resistant mutants. Molecular modeling calculation, enzymatic studies, and surface plasmon resonance experiments allowed us to rationalize the biological behavior of the synthesized compounds, which act as mixed-type inhibitors of HIV-1 RT K103N, with a preferential association to the enzyme-substrate complex. Taken together, our data show that the right combination of stereochemistry on the left and right parts (C6-substituent) of the S-DABO scaffold plays a key role in the inhibition of both wild-type and drug-resistant enzymes, especially the K103N mutant.

Botta, M., Maga, G., Alongi, M., Angeli, L., Samuele, A., Zanoli, S., et al. (2009). Discovery of Chiral Cyclopropyl Dihydro-Alkylthio-Benzyl-Oxopyrimidine (S-DABO) Derivatives as Potent HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors with High Activity Against Clinically Relevant Mutants. JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 52(3), 840-851 [10.1021/jm801330n].

Discovery of Chiral Cyclopropyl Dihydro-Alkylthio-Benzyl-Oxopyrimidine (S-DABO) Derivatives as Potent HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors with High Activity Against Clinically Relevant Mutants

BOTTA, MAURIZIO;TAFI, ANDREA;GIORGI, GIANLUCA;
2009

Abstract

The role played by stereochemistry in the C2-substituent (left part) on the S-DABO scaffold for anti-HIV-1 activity has been investigated for the first time. A series of S-DABO analogues, where the double bond in the C2-substituent is replaced by an enantiopure isosteric cyclopropyl moiety, has been synthesized, leading to the identification of a potent lead compound endowed with picomolar activity against RT (wt) and nanomolar activity against selected drug-resistant mutants. Molecular modeling calculation, enzymatic studies, and surface plasmon resonance experiments allowed us to rationalize the biological behavior of the synthesized compounds, which act as mixed-type inhibitors of HIV-1 RT K103N, with a preferential association to the enzyme-substrate complex. Taken together, our data show that the right combination of stereochemistry on the left and right parts (C6-substituent) of the S-DABO scaffold plays a key role in the inhibition of both wild-type and drug-resistant enzymes, especially the K103N mutant.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/26840
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