Nerve cells are very susceptible to hypoxia responsive for mitochondrial dysfunctions involved in the subsequent oxidative stress, apoptosis and necrosis. In this paper, we examined the effect of 12 h incubation of U-373 MG astrocytes in hypoxic environment (73% N(2): 2% O(2): 5% CO(2), v:v) by evaluating cell proliferation, modifications of NO and ATP production, intracellular Ca(2+) concentration [Ca(2+)](i), membrane potential, desferoxamine-chelatable free iron, esterified F2-isoprostanes levels and the production of phosphorylated ERK. The same parameters were evaluated also after a following re-oxygenation period of 24 h. Immediately after hypoxia the NO concentration increased significantly and returned to values similar to those of controls after the re-oxygenation period. At the same time, ATP levels remained similar to controls and the cell proliferation significantly decreased. This involved a significant increase of [Ca(2+)](i) immediately after hypoxia and the value remained significantly elevated after the following re-oxygenation period. Moreover, after hypoxia, astrocytes were slightly although not significantly depolarized. Indeed iron and F2-isoprostanes levels increased significantly after hypoxia. Finally ERK proteins increased slowly and not significantly after hypoxia and the same trend was observed after the re-oxygenation period. On the whole, our results indicate that 2% O(2) hypoxia induces a moderate oxidative stress, well tolerated by U-373 MG cells, remaining the ATP production, mitochondrial membrane potential and activated ERK proteins, similar to the values of controls.
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|Titolo:||The effects of hypoxia/reoxygenation on the physiological behaviour of U373-MG astrocytes.|
|Citazione:||Aldinucci, C., Maiorca, S.m., DE ROSA, P., Palmi, M., Sticozzi, C., Ciccoli, L., et al. (2010). The effects of hypoxia/reoxygenation on the physiological behaviour of U373-MG astrocytes. NEUROCHEMICAL RESEARCH, 35(1), 42-49.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|