The aim of the study was to assess neocortical changes and their relevance to cognitive impairment in early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Conventional magnetic resonance was acquired in 41 RRMS patients and 16 demographically matched normal controls (NC). An automated analysis tool was used to obtain measures of cortical brain volumes normalized for head size. Neuropsychological performance of MS patients was assessed through the Rao's Brief Repeatable Battery. We identified 18 cognitively preserved (MS-cp) and 23 cognitively impaired (MS-ci) MS patients. Values of normalized cortical volumes (NCV) in the whole MS sample were lower than those in the NC group (p=0.01). MS-ci patients showed NCV values lower (p=0.02) than did both MS-cp patients and NC. Moreover, we found a positive correlation between NCV values and measures of verbal memory (r=0.51, p=0.02), verbal fluency (r=0.51, p=0.01) and attention/concentration (r=0.65, p<0.001) in MS-ci patients. Furthermore, NCV values were significantly decreased in patients who scored lower on a greater number of tests (r=-0.58, p<0.01) in the MS-ci group. Only MS-ci patients had cortical atrophy significantly correlated with a poorer neuropsychological performance. Grey matter pathology may contribute to the development of cognitive impairment in MS from the earliest stages of the disease.
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|Titolo:||Neocortical volume decrease in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis with mild cognitive impairment|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES|
|Citazione:||Portaccio, E., Amato, M.p., Bartolozzi, M.l., Zipoli, V., Mortilla, M., Guidi, L., et al. (2006). Neocortical volume decrease in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis with mild cognitive impairment. JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, 245(1-2), 195-199.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|