OBJECTIVE: To assess the presence of cortical lesions (CLs) as detected by MRI in subjects with radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS). METHODS: Fifteen subjects with RIS underwent an MRI examination, including a double inversion recovery sequence for CL assessment. T2-hyperintense white matter (WM) lesion volume (LV) and normalized volumes of brain and cortex were also obtained. RESULTS: Thirty-four CLs were identified in 6 of 15 (40%) subjects with RIS and predominantly distributed in frontotemporal lobes. CLs were frequent in subjects with RIS with immunoglobulin G oligoclonal bands on CSF, cervical cord lesions, and dissemination in time on brain MRI. WM LV was higher in subjects with CLs than in those without CLs (11.5 ± 10.1 vs 3.9 ± 2.8 cm(3), p = 0.04). Indeed, CL number and volume correlated with WM LV (r = 0.57, p = 0.03 and r = 0.61, p = 0.01). All subjects with CLs were classified in a previous study as having a very high probability of having relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) on a logistic regression analysis of quantitative MRI indices. CONCLUSIONS: We found CLs in subjects with RIS, a condition characterized by the unanticipated MRI finding of WM lesions highly suggestive of MS in the absence of a clinical scenario. CLs were mainly localized to the frontotemporal lobes and were associated with important markers of evolution to MS.

Giorgio, A., Stromillo, M.L., Rossi, F., Battaglini, M., Hakiki, B., Portaccio, E., et al. (2011). Cortical lesions in radiologically isolated syndrome. NEUROLOGY, 77(21), 1896-1899 [10.1212/WNL.0b013e318238ee9b].

Cortical lesions in radiologically isolated syndrome.

GIORGIO, ANTONIO;STROMILLO, MARIA LAURA;ROSSI, FRANCESCA;BATTAGLINI, MARCO;FEDERICO, ANTONIO;DE STEFANO, NICOLA
2011

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the presence of cortical lesions (CLs) as detected by MRI in subjects with radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS). METHODS: Fifteen subjects with RIS underwent an MRI examination, including a double inversion recovery sequence for CL assessment. T2-hyperintense white matter (WM) lesion volume (LV) and normalized volumes of brain and cortex were also obtained. RESULTS: Thirty-four CLs were identified in 6 of 15 (40%) subjects with RIS and predominantly distributed in frontotemporal lobes. CLs were frequent in subjects with RIS with immunoglobulin G oligoclonal bands on CSF, cervical cord lesions, and dissemination in time on brain MRI. WM LV was higher in subjects with CLs than in those without CLs (11.5 ± 10.1 vs 3.9 ± 2.8 cm(3), p = 0.04). Indeed, CL number and volume correlated with WM LV (r = 0.57, p = 0.03 and r = 0.61, p = 0.01). All subjects with CLs were classified in a previous study as having a very high probability of having relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) on a logistic regression analysis of quantitative MRI indices. CONCLUSIONS: We found CLs in subjects with RIS, a condition characterized by the unanticipated MRI finding of WM lesions highly suggestive of MS in the absence of a clinical scenario. CLs were mainly localized to the frontotemporal lobes and were associated with important markers of evolution to MS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/23509
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