The presence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a common and fearsome feature of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). Such patients show radiological pattern of non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of myositis-specific and myositis-associated antibodies (MSA and MAA) in a cohort of patients with a previous diagnosis of NSIP and no sign or symptom of IIM. Secondly, it will be assessed whether patients displaying MSA and/or MAA positivity have a worse or a better outcome than idiopathic NSIP. All patients affected by idiopathic NSIP were enrolled. MSA and MAA were detected using EUROLINE Autoimmune Inflammatory Myopathies 20 Ag (Euroimmun Lubeck, Germany), line immunoassay. A total of 16 patients (mean age 72 +/- 6.1 years old) were enrolled. Six out of 16 patients (37.5%) had significant MSA and/or MAA positivity: one displayed positivity of anti-PL-7 (+ +), one of anti-Zo (+ +), anti-TIF1 gamma (+ + +) and anti-Pm-Scl 75 (+ + +), one of anti-Ro52 (+ +), one of anti-Mi2 beta (+ + +), one of anti-Pm-Scl 75 (+ + +) and the latter of both anti-EJ (+ + +) and anti-Ro52 (+ + +).Two out of 7 seropositive patients showed a significant impairment of FVC (relative risk 4.8, 95% CI 0.78-29.5; p = 0.0350). Accordingly, among the 5 patients that started antifibrotic treatment during the observation time, 4 were seronegative. Our findings highlighted a potential autoimmune or inflammatory in idiopathic NSIP patients and also in those without significant rheumatological symptoms. A more accurate diagnostic assessment may ameliorate diagnostic accuracy as well as may provide new therapeutic strategy (antifibrotic + immunosuppressive). A cautious assessment of NSIP patients with a progressive and non-responsive to glucocorticoids disease course should therefore include an autoimmunity panel comprising MSA and MAA.

Conticini, E., D'Alessandro, M., Cameli, P., Bergantini, L., Pordon, E., Cassai, L., et al. (2023). Prevalence of myositis specific and associated antibodies in a cohort of patients affected by idiopathic NSIP and no hint of inflammatory myopathies. IMMUNOLOGIC RESEARCH, 1-8 [10.1007/s12026-023-09387-z].

Prevalence of myositis specific and associated antibodies in a cohort of patients affected by idiopathic NSIP and no hint of inflammatory myopathies

Conticini, Edoardo;d'Alessandro, Miriana;Cameli, Paolo;Bergantini, Laura;Pordon, Elena;Cassai, Lucia;Cantarini, Luca;Bargagli, Elena;Frediani, Bruno;Porcelli, Brunetta
2023-01-01

Abstract

The presence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a common and fearsome feature of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). Such patients show radiological pattern of non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of myositis-specific and myositis-associated antibodies (MSA and MAA) in a cohort of patients with a previous diagnosis of NSIP and no sign or symptom of IIM. Secondly, it will be assessed whether patients displaying MSA and/or MAA positivity have a worse or a better outcome than idiopathic NSIP. All patients affected by idiopathic NSIP were enrolled. MSA and MAA were detected using EUROLINE Autoimmune Inflammatory Myopathies 20 Ag (Euroimmun Lubeck, Germany), line immunoassay. A total of 16 patients (mean age 72 +/- 6.1 years old) were enrolled. Six out of 16 patients (37.5%) had significant MSA and/or MAA positivity: one displayed positivity of anti-PL-7 (+ +), one of anti-Zo (+ +), anti-TIF1 gamma (+ + +) and anti-Pm-Scl 75 (+ + +), one of anti-Ro52 (+ +), one of anti-Mi2 beta (+ + +), one of anti-Pm-Scl 75 (+ + +) and the latter of both anti-EJ (+ + +) and anti-Ro52 (+ + +).Two out of 7 seropositive patients showed a significant impairment of FVC (relative risk 4.8, 95% CI 0.78-29.5; p = 0.0350). Accordingly, among the 5 patients that started antifibrotic treatment during the observation time, 4 were seronegative. Our findings highlighted a potential autoimmune or inflammatory in idiopathic NSIP patients and also in those without significant rheumatological symptoms. A more accurate diagnostic assessment may ameliorate diagnostic accuracy as well as may provide new therapeutic strategy (antifibrotic + immunosuppressive). A cautious assessment of NSIP patients with a progressive and non-responsive to glucocorticoids disease course should therefore include an autoimmunity panel comprising MSA and MAA.
2023
Conticini, E., D'Alessandro, M., Cameli, P., Bergantini, L., Pordon, E., Cassai, L., et al. (2023). Prevalence of myositis specific and associated antibodies in a cohort of patients affected by idiopathic NSIP and no hint of inflammatory myopathies. IMMUNOLOGIC RESEARCH, 1-8 [10.1007/s12026-023-09387-z].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1235014