: Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance (MGRS) is a recognized clinical entity. Literature regarding treatment and its outcomes in MGRS is sparse due to the rarity and misdiagnosis of MGRS. We retrospectively analyzed 280 adults with an MGRS diagnosis from 2003-2020 across 19 clinical centers from 12 countries. All cases required renal biopsy for the pathological diagnosis of MGRS. Amyloidosis-related to MGRS (MGRS-A) was present in 180 patients; non-amyloidosis MGRS (MGRS-NA), including a broad spectrum of renal pathologies, was diagnosed in 100 patients. The median overall survival in the studied cohort was 121.0 months (95% CI: 105.0 - 121.0). Patients with MGRS-A had a shorter overall survival than patients with MGRS-NA (HR = 0.41, 95%CI: 0.25 - 0.69; P = 0.0007). Both hematologic and renal responses were associated with longer survival. Achievement of ≥VGPR was generally predictive of a renal response (OR = 8.03 95%CI: 4.04 - 115.96; P < 0.0001), one-fourth of patients with ≥VGPR were renal non-responders. In MGRS-A, factors associated with poor prognosis included elevated levels of creatinine, beta-2-microglobulin, and hemodialysis at diagnosis. In MGRS-NA, only age > 65 years was associated with increased risk of death. Treatments provided similar hematologic response rates in both types of MGRS. Autologous stem cell transplantation led to better response than other treatments. This multicenter and international effort is currently the largest report on MGRS. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Gozzetti, A., Guarnieri, A., Zamagni, E., Zakharova, E., Coriu, D., Bittrich, M., et al. (2022). Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance (MGRS): Real-World data on outcomes and prognostic factors. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY [10.1002/ajh.26566].

Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance (MGRS): Real-World data on outcomes and prognostic factors

Gozzetti, Alessandro
;
Guarnieri, Andrea;Ciofini, Sara;Bocchia, Monica;
2022-01-01

Abstract

: Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance (MGRS) is a recognized clinical entity. Literature regarding treatment and its outcomes in MGRS is sparse due to the rarity and misdiagnosis of MGRS. We retrospectively analyzed 280 adults with an MGRS diagnosis from 2003-2020 across 19 clinical centers from 12 countries. All cases required renal biopsy for the pathological diagnosis of MGRS. Amyloidosis-related to MGRS (MGRS-A) was present in 180 patients; non-amyloidosis MGRS (MGRS-NA), including a broad spectrum of renal pathologies, was diagnosed in 100 patients. The median overall survival in the studied cohort was 121.0 months (95% CI: 105.0 - 121.0). Patients with MGRS-A had a shorter overall survival than patients with MGRS-NA (HR = 0.41, 95%CI: 0.25 - 0.69; P = 0.0007). Both hematologic and renal responses were associated with longer survival. Achievement of ≥VGPR was generally predictive of a renal response (OR = 8.03 95%CI: 4.04 - 115.96; P < 0.0001), one-fourth of patients with ≥VGPR were renal non-responders. In MGRS-A, factors associated with poor prognosis included elevated levels of creatinine, beta-2-microglobulin, and hemodialysis at diagnosis. In MGRS-NA, only age > 65 years was associated with increased risk of death. Treatments provided similar hematologic response rates in both types of MGRS. Autologous stem cell transplantation led to better response than other treatments. This multicenter and international effort is currently the largest report on MGRS. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Gozzetti, A., Guarnieri, A., Zamagni, E., Zakharova, E., Coriu, D., Bittrich, M., et al. (2022). Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance (MGRS): Real-World data on outcomes and prognostic factors. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY [10.1002/ajh.26566].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1200247
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