The monotherapy with levo-thyroxine (LT4) is the treatment of choice for patients with hypothyroidism after thyroidectomy. However, many athyreotic LT4-treated patients with thyroid hormones in the physiological range experience hypothyroid-like symptoms, showing post-operative, statistically significant lower FT3 levels with respect to that before total thyroidectomy. Since we hypothesized that the lower plasmatic FT3 levels observed in this subgroup could be associated with tissue hypothyroidism, here we compared, by a preliminary proteomic analysis, eight sera of patients with reduced post-surgical FT3 to eight sera from patients with FT3 levels similar to pre-surgery levels, and six healthy controls. Proteomic analysis highlights a different serum protein profile among the considered conditions. By enrichment analysis, differential proteins are involved in coagulation processes (PLMN-1.61,-1.98 in reduced vs. stable FT3, p < 0.02; A1AT fragmentation), complement system activation (CFAH + 1.83, CFAB + 1.5, C1Qb + 1.6, C1S + 7.79 in reduced vs. stable FT3, p < 0.01) and in lipoprotein particles remodeling (APOAI fragmentation; APOAIV + 2.13, p < 0.003), potentially leading to a pro-inflammatory response. This study suggests that LT4 replacement therapy might restore biochemical euthyroid conditions in thyroidectomized patients, but in some cases without re-establishing body tissue euthyroidism. Since our results, this condition is reflected by the serum protein profile.

Landi, C., Cantara, S., Shaba, E., Vantaggiato, L., Marzocchi, C., Maino, F., et al. (2022). Alteration of Serum Proteome in Levo-Thyroxine-Euthyroid Thyroidectomized Patients. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, 11(6) [10.3390/jcm11061676].

Alteration of Serum Proteome in Levo-Thyroxine-Euthyroid Thyroidectomized Patients

Landi C.
;
Cantara S.;Shaba E.;Vantaggiato L.;Maino F.;Carleo A.;Bini L.;Castagna M. G.
2022-01-01

Abstract

The monotherapy with levo-thyroxine (LT4) is the treatment of choice for patients with hypothyroidism after thyroidectomy. However, many athyreotic LT4-treated patients with thyroid hormones in the physiological range experience hypothyroid-like symptoms, showing post-operative, statistically significant lower FT3 levels with respect to that before total thyroidectomy. Since we hypothesized that the lower plasmatic FT3 levels observed in this subgroup could be associated with tissue hypothyroidism, here we compared, by a preliminary proteomic analysis, eight sera of patients with reduced post-surgical FT3 to eight sera from patients with FT3 levels similar to pre-surgery levels, and six healthy controls. Proteomic analysis highlights a different serum protein profile among the considered conditions. By enrichment analysis, differential proteins are involved in coagulation processes (PLMN-1.61,-1.98 in reduced vs. stable FT3, p < 0.02; A1AT fragmentation), complement system activation (CFAH + 1.83, CFAB + 1.5, C1Qb + 1.6, C1S + 7.79 in reduced vs. stable FT3, p < 0.01) and in lipoprotein particles remodeling (APOAI fragmentation; APOAIV + 2.13, p < 0.003), potentially leading to a pro-inflammatory response. This study suggests that LT4 replacement therapy might restore biochemical euthyroid conditions in thyroidectomized patients, but in some cases without re-establishing body tissue euthyroidism. Since our results, this condition is reflected by the serum protein profile.
Landi, C., Cantara, S., Shaba, E., Vantaggiato, L., Marzocchi, C., Maino, F., et al. (2022). Alteration of Serum Proteome in Levo-Thyroxine-Euthyroid Thyroidectomized Patients. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, 11(6) [10.3390/jcm11061676].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1198545