Human monoclonal antibodies are safe, preventive, and therapeutic tools that can be rapidly developed to help restore the massive health and economic disruption caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. By single-cell sorting 4,277 SARS-CoV-2 spike protein-specific memory B cells from 14 COVID-19 survivors, 453 neutralizing antibodies were identified. The most potent neutralizing antibodies recognized the spike protein receptor-binding domain, followed in potency by antibodies that recognize the S1 domain, the spike protein trimer, and the S2 subunit. Only 1.4% of them neutralized the authentic virus with a potency of 1–10 ng/mL. The most potent monoclonal antibody, engineered to reduce the risk of antibody-dependent enhancement and prolong half-life, neutralized the authentic wild-type virus and emerging variants containing D614G, E484K, and N501Y substitutions. Prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy in the hamster model was observed at 0.25 and 4 mg/kg respectively in absence of Fc functions. Extremely potent neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies, though rare, are isolated from COVID-19 convalescent patients and suitable for prophylactic and therapeutic interventions of wild-type SARS-CoV-2 as well as emerging variants.

Andreano, E., Nicastri, E., Paciello, I., Pileri, P., Manganaro, N., Piccini, G., et al. (2021). Extremely potent human monoclonal antibodies from COVID-19 convalescent patients. CELL, 184(7), 1821-1835.e16 [10.1016/j.cell.2021.02.035].

Extremely potent human monoclonal antibodies from COVID-19 convalescent patients

Andreano E.;Manganaro N.;Manenti A.;Pantano E.;Kabanova A.;Troisi M.;Vacca F.;De Santi C.;Benincasa L.;Depau L.;Brunetti J.;Emiliozzi A.;Fabbiani M.;Montagnani F.;Bracci L.;Montomoli E.;Rappuoli R.
2021

Abstract

Human monoclonal antibodies are safe, preventive, and therapeutic tools that can be rapidly developed to help restore the massive health and economic disruption caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. By single-cell sorting 4,277 SARS-CoV-2 spike protein-specific memory B cells from 14 COVID-19 survivors, 453 neutralizing antibodies were identified. The most potent neutralizing antibodies recognized the spike protein receptor-binding domain, followed in potency by antibodies that recognize the S1 domain, the spike protein trimer, and the S2 subunit. Only 1.4% of them neutralized the authentic virus with a potency of 1–10 ng/mL. The most potent monoclonal antibody, engineered to reduce the risk of antibody-dependent enhancement and prolong half-life, neutralized the authentic wild-type virus and emerging variants containing D614G, E484K, and N501Y substitutions. Prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy in the hamster model was observed at 0.25 and 4 mg/kg respectively in absence of Fc functions. Extremely potent neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies, though rare, are isolated from COVID-19 convalescent patients and suitable for prophylactic and therapeutic interventions of wild-type SARS-CoV-2 as well as emerging variants.
Andreano, E., Nicastri, E., Paciello, I., Pileri, P., Manganaro, N., Piccini, G., et al. (2021). Extremely potent human monoclonal antibodies from COVID-19 convalescent patients. CELL, 184(7), 1821-1835.e16 [10.1016/j.cell.2021.02.035].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/1142662