Dual energy CT (DECT)with image acquisition at two different photon X-ray levels allows the characterization of a specific tissue or material/elements, the extrapolation of virtual unenhanced and monoenergetic images, and the quantification of iodine uptake; such special capabilities make the DECT the perfect technique to support oncological imaging for tumor detection and characterization and treatment monitoring, while concurrently reducing the dose of radiation and iodine and improving the metal artifact reduction. Even though its potential in the field of oncology has not been fully explored yet, DECT is already widely used today thanks to the availability of different CT technologies, such as dual-source, single-source rapid-switching, single-source sequential, single-source twin-beam and dual-layer technologies. Moreover DECT technology represents the future of the imaging innovation and it is subject to ongoing development that increase according its clinical potentiality, in particular in the field of oncology. This review points out recent state-of-the-art in DECT applications in gland tumors, with special focus on its potential uses in the field of oncological imaging of endocrine and exocrine glands.

Gentili, F., Guerrini, S., Mazzei, F.G., Monteleone, I., Di Meglio, N., Sansotta, L., et al. (2020). Dual energy CT in gland tumors: a comprehensive narrative review and differential diagnosis. GLAND SURGERY, 9(6), 2269-2282 [10.21037/gs-20-543].

Dual energy CT in gland tumors: a comprehensive narrative review and differential diagnosis

Gentili, Francesco;Guerrini, Susanna;Mazzei, Francesco Giuseppe;Monteleone, Ilaria;Di Meglio, Nunzia;Sansotta, Letizia;Perrella, Armando;Gennaro, Paolo;Volterrani, Luca;Castagna, Maria Grazia;Dotta, Francesco;Mazzei, Maria Antonietta
2020-01-01

Abstract

Dual energy CT (DECT)with image acquisition at two different photon X-ray levels allows the characterization of a specific tissue or material/elements, the extrapolation of virtual unenhanced and monoenergetic images, and the quantification of iodine uptake; such special capabilities make the DECT the perfect technique to support oncological imaging for tumor detection and characterization and treatment monitoring, while concurrently reducing the dose of radiation and iodine and improving the metal artifact reduction. Even though its potential in the field of oncology has not been fully explored yet, DECT is already widely used today thanks to the availability of different CT technologies, such as dual-source, single-source rapid-switching, single-source sequential, single-source twin-beam and dual-layer technologies. Moreover DECT technology represents the future of the imaging innovation and it is subject to ongoing development that increase according its clinical potentiality, in particular in the field of oncology. This review points out recent state-of-the-art in DECT applications in gland tumors, with special focus on its potential uses in the field of oncological imaging of endocrine and exocrine glands.
Gentili, F., Guerrini, S., Mazzei, F.G., Monteleone, I., Di Meglio, N., Sansotta, L., et al. (2020). Dual energy CT in gland tumors: a comprehensive narrative review and differential diagnosis. GLAND SURGERY, 9(6), 2269-2282 [10.21037/gs-20-543].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1127669