Background: Serum chitotriosidase is a promising biomarker that has shown high specificity and sensitivity in patients with sarcoidosis. The aim of this study was to investigate correlations between serum chitotriosidase, clinical phenotypes, disease localizations and different radiological lung involvement and to identify clinical features associated with over-expression of chitotriosidase in a large cohort of sarcoidosis patients. Methods: Chitotriosidase activity was evaluated in a population of 694 consecutive patients (males 39%, age 55.8 ± 12.8 years). Clinical and respiratory functional characteristics, Clinical Outcome Scale (COS) classification, clinical phenotypes proposed by the GenPhenResA project, and radiological assessment, including CT scan, were collected. Serum sampling and clinical and functional assessments at follow-up were also included. Results: Significantly higher chitotriosidase activity was observed in sarcoidosis patients than in healthy controls (p < 0.0001). Evidence of lung fibrosis with reticular abnormalities and traction bronchiectasis at High resolution CT, presence of multiple extrapulmonary sarcoid localizations and increased 24-h urinary excretion of calcium were associated with significantly higher chitotriosidase activity (p < 0.005). Patients with remitted or minimal disease had lower values of chitotriosidase than patients with persistent disease. At follow-up, patients who required an increase in steroid dose showed an increase in its activity. Conclusions: Chitotriosidase is a reliable biomarker of sarcoidosis. It is increased in patients with sarcoidosis correlating with disease activity, severity and multiorgan dissemination. Steroid therapy tended to reduce chitotriosidase expression, however it responded in cases of disease relapse.

Bennett, D., Cameli, P., Lanzarone, N., Carobene, L., Bianchi, N., Fui, A., et al. (2020). Chitotriosidase: a biomarker of activity and severity in patients with sarcoidosis. RESPIRATORY RESEARCH, 21(1), 1-12 [10.1186/s12931-019-1263-z].

Chitotriosidase: a biomarker of activity and severity in patients with sarcoidosis

Bennett, David
;
Cameli, Paolo;Lanzarone, Nicola;Bianchi, Nicola;Fui, Annalisa;Bergantini, Laura;Cillis, Giuseppe;Miriana, D' Alessandro;Mazzei, Maria Antonietta;Refini, Rosa Metella;Sestini, Piersante;Bargagli, Elena;Rottoli, Paola
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: Serum chitotriosidase is a promising biomarker that has shown high specificity and sensitivity in patients with sarcoidosis. The aim of this study was to investigate correlations between serum chitotriosidase, clinical phenotypes, disease localizations and different radiological lung involvement and to identify clinical features associated with over-expression of chitotriosidase in a large cohort of sarcoidosis patients. Methods: Chitotriosidase activity was evaluated in a population of 694 consecutive patients (males 39%, age 55.8 ± 12.8 years). Clinical and respiratory functional characteristics, Clinical Outcome Scale (COS) classification, clinical phenotypes proposed by the GenPhenResA project, and radiological assessment, including CT scan, were collected. Serum sampling and clinical and functional assessments at follow-up were also included. Results: Significantly higher chitotriosidase activity was observed in sarcoidosis patients than in healthy controls (p < 0.0001). Evidence of lung fibrosis with reticular abnormalities and traction bronchiectasis at High resolution CT, presence of multiple extrapulmonary sarcoid localizations and increased 24-h urinary excretion of calcium were associated with significantly higher chitotriosidase activity (p < 0.005). Patients with remitted or minimal disease had lower values of chitotriosidase than patients with persistent disease. At follow-up, patients who required an increase in steroid dose showed an increase in its activity. Conclusions: Chitotriosidase is a reliable biomarker of sarcoidosis. It is increased in patients with sarcoidosis correlating with disease activity, severity and multiorgan dissemination. Steroid therapy tended to reduce chitotriosidase expression, however it responded in cases of disease relapse.
Bennett, D., Cameli, P., Lanzarone, N., Carobene, L., Bianchi, N., Fui, A., et al. (2020). Chitotriosidase: a biomarker of activity and severity in patients with sarcoidosis. RESPIRATORY RESEARCH, 21(1), 1-12 [10.1186/s12931-019-1263-z].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1089068