The identification and use of species that have best adapted to their growth territory is of paramount importance to preserve biodiversity while promoting sustainable agricultural practices. Parameters including resistance to natural conditions (biotic and abiotic risk factors), biomass and fruit productivity, and phytochemical content with nutraceutical potential, could be used as quantitative markers of the adaptability of plants to wild environments characterized by minimal human impact. Ancient varieties, which are plant varieties growing in regional territories and not destined for market distribution, are a source of unique genetic characters derived from many years of adaptation to the original territory. These plants are often more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. In addition, these varieties have a high phytochemical (also known as bioactives) content considered health-beneficial. Notably, the content of these compounds is often lower in commercial cultivars. The use of selected territorial varieties according to the cultivation area represents an opportunity in the agricultural sector in terms of biodiversity preservation, environmental sustainability, and valorization of the final products. Our survey highlights the nutraceutical potential of ancient local varieties and stresses the importance of holistic studies (-omics) to investigate their physiology and secondary metabolism.

Berni, R., Cantini, C., Romi, M., Hausman, J., Guerriero, G., Cai, G. (2018). Agrobiotechnology goes wild: Ancient local varieties as sources of bioactives. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 19(8), 1-12 [10.3390/ijms19082248].

Agrobiotechnology goes wild: Ancient local varieties as sources of bioactives

Berni, Roberto
;
Cantini, Claudio;Romi, Marco;Cai, Giampiero
2018-01-01

Abstract

The identification and use of species that have best adapted to their growth territory is of paramount importance to preserve biodiversity while promoting sustainable agricultural practices. Parameters including resistance to natural conditions (biotic and abiotic risk factors), biomass and fruit productivity, and phytochemical content with nutraceutical potential, could be used as quantitative markers of the adaptability of plants to wild environments characterized by minimal human impact. Ancient varieties, which are plant varieties growing in regional territories and not destined for market distribution, are a source of unique genetic characters derived from many years of adaptation to the original territory. These plants are often more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. In addition, these varieties have a high phytochemical (also known as bioactives) content considered health-beneficial. Notably, the content of these compounds is often lower in commercial cultivars. The use of selected territorial varieties according to the cultivation area represents an opportunity in the agricultural sector in terms of biodiversity preservation, environmental sustainability, and valorization of the final products. Our survey highlights the nutraceutical potential of ancient local varieties and stresses the importance of holistic studies (-omics) to investigate their physiology and secondary metabolism.
Berni, R., Cantini, C., Romi, M., Hausman, J., Guerriero, G., Cai, G. (2018). Agrobiotechnology goes wild: Ancient local varieties as sources of bioactives. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 19(8), 1-12 [10.3390/ijms19082248].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1063650