Different types of efficiencies are introduced for metasurface (MTS) antennas based on single point-source excitation: 1) the feed efficiency epsilon(feed) is the power delivered by the feed to surface wave (SW) over the input power; 2) the tapering efficiency epsilon(tap) quantifies the deviation with respect to a uniform illumination; 3) the conversion efficiency epsilon(conv) defines the capability of the MTS to transform the SW power into leaky-wave power; and 4) the ohmic efficiency epsilon(Omega) accounts for the antenna losses. The product of all of these factors provides the overall efficiency of the antenna. New, quite general analytical formulas are suggested to estimate any individual efficiency. In particular, it is seen that efeed can reach also 90% by using planar or quasiplanar circularly symmetric sources. It is also proven that the product epsilon(conv)epsilon(tap) cannot be larger than 58% for a uniform modulation; however, by using a nonuniform modulation, it can be increased to reach econvetap approximate to a/lambda/(a/lambda + 2), where a/lambda is the antenna radius in free-space wavelengths. A new closed-form formula for estimating the losses is given. In accordance with the prescription given here, one can reach 75% of global efficiency, including losses, until a radius of 20 wavelengths with commercially available substrates.
|Titolo:||Efficiency of Metasurface Antennas|
|Citazione:||Minatti, G., Martini, E., & Maci, S. (2017). Efficiency of Metasurface Antennas. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, 65(4), 1532-1541.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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