Central precocious puberty (PP) can be caused by chromosomal aberrations. We report three patients presenting with central PP in whom karyotype analysis demonstrated abnormal chromosomal patterns. The first patient was affected by the triple-X syndrome, commonly characterized by premature ovarian failure. The second patient, a girl with inv dup(15)(pter-->q12::q12-->pter), had a chromosomal aberration involving an imprinted region of the human genome, whose deletion is commonly associated with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism. The third patient was a boy carrying a rare chromosome abnormality, the duplication of chromosome 9 (q22-->qter). All patients had mental retardation, which was mild in patient 1, moderate in patient 2, and severe in case 3. They underwent treatment with luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) analogs, which were able to stop the progression of the sexual development. We confirm that chromosomal aberrations are an important cause of central PP, and that karyotype analysis in patients with PP and mental retardation, even if mild, is necessary because chromosomal abnormalities can be present.
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|Titolo:||Central precocious puberty and abnormal chromosomal patterns|
|Citazione:||Grosso, S., Anichini, C., Berardi, R., Balestri, P., Pucci, L., & Morgese, G. (2000). Central precocious puberty and abnormal chromosomal patterns. ENDOCRINE PATHOLOGY, 11(1), 69-75.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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