Purpose: We analyzed the preoperative conjunctival goblet cell density (GCD), MUC5AC, and HLA-DR in glaucomatous patients undergoing trabeculectomy, using laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) and impression cytology (IC). Methods: We enrolled 57 patients undergoing trabeculectomy. At baseline LSCM and IC were performed at the site planned for surgery; LSCM was repeated after 12 months at the bleb site. The main outcomes were: GCD, mean microcyst density (MMD) and area (MMA) at LSCM, MUC5AC, and HLA-DR positivity at IC, and IOP. The relationships between baseline GCD, and 12-month IOP, MMD, and MMA were analyzed. Results: Trabeculectomy was successful in 39 patients (complete success in 27, Group 1; qualified in 12, Group 2), and unsuccessful in 18 (Group 3). At baseline IOP (mm Hg) was 27.2 ± 3.12, 27.5 ± 2.23, and 27.7 ± 1.90 in Groups 1 to 3, respectively; GCD and MUC5AC positivity were higher in Group 1 compared to Groups 2 and 3 (P < 0.05); HLA-DR, MMD, and MMA were not significantly different among the groups. At 12 months, IOP reduced by 45.3%, 35.4%, and 12.8% in Groups 1 to 3, respectively. Goblet cell density did not change in Group 1, whereas it was reduced in Groups 2 and 3 (P < 0.05), with values lower in Group 3. Mean microcyst density and MMA increased in Groups 1 and 2 (P < 0.05), with values higher in Group 1 (P < 0.05). Baseline GCD positively correlated with 12-month IOP reduction (P < 0.001, r = 0.641), MMD (P < 0.05, r = 0.454), and MMA (P < 0.001, r = 0.541). Conclusions: Goblet cells positively affect the filtration ability after trabeculectomy; therefore, preoperative GCD could be considered as a potential in vivo biomarker of surgical success.
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|Titolo:||In vivo goblet cell density as a potential indicator of glaucoma filtration surgery outcome|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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