OBJECTIVES: Periodic fever syndromes (PFS) are characterised by recurrent attacks of fever and localised inflammation. This study examined the diagnostic pathway and treatments at tertiary centres for FMF, TRAPS and MKD/HIDS. METHODS: PFS specialists at medical centres in the USA, European Union and Eastern Mediterranean participated in a retrospective chart review, providing de-identified data in an electronic case report form. Patients were treated between 2008-2012 with at least 1 year of follow-up, all had clinical and/or genetically proven disease, and were on/eligible for biologic treatment. RESULTS: 134 patients were analysed in total: FMF (n=49), TRAPS (n=47), and MKD/HIDS (n=38). Fever was commonly reported as severe across all indications. Other frequent severe symptoms were serositis for FMF patients and elevated acute-phase reactants and gastro-intestinal upset for TRAPS and MKD/HIDS. A long delay from disease onset to diagnosis was seen within TRAPS and MKD/HIDS (5.8 years and 7.1 years, respectively) with a 1.8 year delay in FMF. An equal proportion of TRAPS patients first received anti-IL-1 and anti-TNF biologics whereas IL-1 blockade was the main choice for MKD/HIDS and FMF patients. For TRAPS patients, treatment with anakinra versus anti-TNF treatments as first biologic resulted in significantly higher clinical and biochemical responses (p=0.03 and p<0.01, respectively). No significant differences in responses were observed between biological agents among other cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Referral patterns and diagnostic delays highlight the need for greater awareness and improved diagnostics for PFSs. This real-world treatment assessment supports the need for further refinement of treatment practices.
|Titolo:||International Retrospective Chart Review of Treatment Patterns in Severe Familial Mediterranean Fever, Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor–Associated Periodic Syndrome, and Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency/Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D Syndrome|
|Citazione:||Ozen, S., Kuemmerle Deschner, J.B., Cimaz, R., Livneh, A., Quartier, P., Kone Paut, I., et al. (2017). International Retrospective Chart Review of Treatment Patterns in Severe Familial Mediterranean Fever, Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor–Associated Periodic Syndrome, and Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency/Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D Syndrome. ARTHRITIS CARE & RESEARCH, 69(4), 578-586.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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