Suppression of the cytotoxic T cell (CTL) immune response has been proposed as one mechanism for immune evasion in cancer. In this study, we have explored the underlying basis for CTL suppression in the context of B cell malignancies. We document that human B cells have an intrinsic ability to resist killing by freshly isolated cytotoxic T cells (CTLs), but are susceptible to lysis by IL-2 activated CTL blasts and CTLs isolated from immunotherapy-treated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Impaired killing was associated with the formation of dysfunctional non-lytic immune synapses characterized by the presence of defective linker for activation of T cells (LAT) signaling and non-polarized release of the lytic granules transported by ADP-ribosylation factor-like protein 8 (Arl8). We propose that non-lytic degranulation of CTLs are a key regulatory mechanism of evasion through which B cells may interfere with the formation of functional immune synapses by CTLs.
|Titolo:||Human cytotoxic T lymphocytes form dysfunctional immune synapses with B cells characterized by non-polarized lytic granule release|
|Citazione:||Kabanova, A., Sanseviero, F., Veronica, C., Gamberucci, A., Gozzetti, A., Campoccia, G., et al. (2016). Human cytotoxic T lymphocytes form dysfunctional immune synapses with B cells characterized by non-polarized lytic granule release. CELL REPORTS, 15(1), 9-18.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|