The cytotoxicity of Au/Ag nanoparticles (NPs) on human spermatozoa was investigated in vitro. Semen from donors were incubated (37 °C, 60′–120′) with 30, 60, 125, 250 and 500 lM Au/Ag-NPs. Sperm motility was evaluated following WHO guidelines; sperm viability was assessed with eosin Y test. Au-NPs were characterised and localised with field emission gun-based scanning transmission electron microscope/energy dispersive spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Both tested NPs exerted a significant dose-dependent effect on motility and viability of human spermatozoa (P < 0.001). Ag-NPs seem to show a slightly elevated toxicity although not significant (P > 0.05). Au-NPs were localised in spermatozoa, whereas Ag-NPs were undetectable. In conclusion, Au-NPs and Ag-NPs do not appear to be harmful for human spermatozoa up to high concentrations (250–500 lM) that are probably difficult to reach in vivo. It is mandatory to explore the genotoxic effect of NPs in germ cells.

Moretti, E., Terzuoli, G., Renieri, T., Iacoponi, F., Castellini, C., Giordano, C., et al. (2013). In vitro effect of gold and silver nanoparticles on human spermatozoa. ANDROLOGIA, 45(6), 392-396 [10.1111/and.12028].

In vitro effect of gold and silver nanoparticles on human spermatozoa

MORETTI, ELENA;TERZUOLI, GAIA;RENIERI, TOMMASO;IACOPONI, FRANCESCA;COLLODEL, GIULIA
2013-01-01

Abstract

The cytotoxicity of Au/Ag nanoparticles (NPs) on human spermatozoa was investigated in vitro. Semen from donors were incubated (37 °C, 60′–120′) with 30, 60, 125, 250 and 500 lM Au/Ag-NPs. Sperm motility was evaluated following WHO guidelines; sperm viability was assessed with eosin Y test. Au-NPs were characterised and localised with field emission gun-based scanning transmission electron microscope/energy dispersive spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Both tested NPs exerted a significant dose-dependent effect on motility and viability of human spermatozoa (P < 0.001). Ag-NPs seem to show a slightly elevated toxicity although not significant (P > 0.05). Au-NPs were localised in spermatozoa, whereas Ag-NPs were undetectable. In conclusion, Au-NPs and Ag-NPs do not appear to be harmful for human spermatozoa up to high concentrations (250–500 lM) that are probably difficult to reach in vivo. It is mandatory to explore the genotoxic effect of NPs in germ cells.
Moretti, E., Terzuoli, G., Renieri, T., Iacoponi, F., Castellini, C., Giordano, C., et al. (2013). In vitro effect of gold and silver nanoparticles on human spermatozoa. ANDROLOGIA, 45(6), 392-396 [10.1111/and.12028].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/984377
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