In many legal domains hybrid sanctions – i.e. the joint use of both monetary and non-monetary sanctions – are usually applied. We suggest that one possible rationale behind this form of sanction is targeting group-specific deterrence. For some groups of agents, hybrid sanctions act indeed as a self-selection mechanism such that deterrence is obtained only after a critical threshold of infractions is reached. We apply our model to traffic law infractions and further test it, performing a micro-econometric analysis on a unique dataset of a representative sample of 50,000 Italian drivers, over six years (2003– 2009), after the introduction of a penalty points system. Our findings empirically confirm our theoretical predictions. When repeated infractions are at stake, well-designed hybrid sanctions, such as the penalty point system designed for traffic law enforcement, may indeed increase overall deterrence. Our results shed new light on the role of the combined monetary and non-monetary sanctions to perform general and specific deterrence.

Basili, M., Belloc, F., Nicita, A. (2015). Group attitude and hybrid sanctions: Micro-econometric evidence from traffic law. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH. PART A, POLICY AND PRACTICE, 78, 325-336 [doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2015.05.019].

Group attitude and hybrid sanctions: Micro-econometric evidence from traffic law

BASILI, MARCELLO;Belloc, F;
2015-01-01

Abstract

In many legal domains hybrid sanctions – i.e. the joint use of both monetary and non-monetary sanctions – are usually applied. We suggest that one possible rationale behind this form of sanction is targeting group-specific deterrence. For some groups of agents, hybrid sanctions act indeed as a self-selection mechanism such that deterrence is obtained only after a critical threshold of infractions is reached. We apply our model to traffic law infractions and further test it, performing a micro-econometric analysis on a unique dataset of a representative sample of 50,000 Italian drivers, over six years (2003– 2009), after the introduction of a penalty points system. Our findings empirically confirm our theoretical predictions. When repeated infractions are at stake, well-designed hybrid sanctions, such as the penalty point system designed for traffic law enforcement, may indeed increase overall deterrence. Our results shed new light on the role of the combined monetary and non-monetary sanctions to perform general and specific deterrence.
Basili, M., Belloc, F., Nicita, A. (2015). Group attitude and hybrid sanctions: Micro-econometric evidence from traffic law. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH. PART A, POLICY AND PRACTICE, 78, 325-336 [doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2015.05.019].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
patente a punti.pdf

non disponibili

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipologia: PDF editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 326.39 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
326.39 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/983614