Recent evidence suggests the spontaneous BOLD signal synchronization of corresponding interhemispheric, homotopic regions as a stable trait of human brain physiology, with emerging differences in such organization being also related to some pathological conditions. To understand whether such brain functional symmetries play a role into higher-order cognitive functioning, here we correlated the functional homotopy profiles of 119 healthy subjects with their intelligence level. Counterintuitively, reduced homotopic connectivity in above average-IQ versus average-IQ subjects was observed, with significant reductions in visual and somatosensory cortices, supplementary motor area, rolandic operculum, and middle temporal gyrus, possibly suggesting that a downgrading of interhemispheric talk at rest could be associated with higher cognitive functioning. These regions also showed an increased spontaneous synchrony with medial structures located in ipsi- and contralateral hemispheres, with such pattern being mostly detectable for regions placed in the left hemisphere. The interactions with age and gender have been also tested, with different patterns for subjects above and below 25 years old and less homotopic connectivity in the prefrontal cortex and posterior midline regions in female participants with higher IQ scores. These findings support prior evidence suggesting a functional role for homotopic connectivity in human cognitive expression, promoting the reduction of synchrony between primary sensory regions as a predictor of higher intelligence levels. Hum Brain Mapp, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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|Titolo:||Intelligence-related differences in the asymmetry of spontaneous cerebral activity|
|Citazione:||Santarnecchi, E., Tatti, E., Rossi, S., Serino, V., & Rossi, A. (2015). Intelligence-related differences in the asymmetry of spontaneous cerebral activity. HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING, 36(9), 3586-3602.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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