BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S), an endogenous volatile mediator with pleiotropic functions, promotes vasorelaxation, exerts anti-inflammatory actions and regulates angiogenesis. Previously, the SH-containing angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), zofenopril, was identified as being effective in preserving endothelial function and inducing angiogenesis among ACEIs. Based on the H2 S donor property of its active metabolite zofenoprilat, the objective of this study was to evaluate whether zofenoprilat-induced angiogenesis was due to increased H2 S availability. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: HUVECs were used for in vitro studies of angiogenesis, whereas the Matrigel plug assay was used for in vivo assessments. KEY RESULTS: Zofenoprilat-treated HUVECs showed an increase in all functional features of the angiogenic process in vitro. As zofenoprilat induced the expression of CSE (cystathionine-γ-lyase) and the continuous production of H2 S, CSE inhibition or silencing blocked the ability of zofenoprilat to induce angiogenesis, both in vitro and in vivo. The molecular mechanisms underlying H2 S/zofenoprilat-induced angiogenesis were dependent on Akt, eNOS and ERK1/2 cascades. ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP ) channels, the molecular target that mediates part of the vascular functions of H2 S, were shown to be involved in the upstream activation of Akt and ERK1/2. Moreover, the up-regulation of fibroblast growth factor-2 was dependent on CSE-derived H2 S response to H2 S and KATP activation. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Zofenoprilat induced a constant production of H2 S that stimulated the angiogenic process through a KATP channel/Akt/eNOS/ERK1/2 pathway. Thus, zofenopril can be considered as a pro-angiogenic drug acting through H2 S release and production, useful in cardiovascular pathologies where vascular functions need to be re-established and functional angiogenesis induced.
|Titolo:||Characterization of zofenoprilat as an inducer of functional angiogenesis through increased H2 S availability|
|Citazione:||Terzuoli, E., Monti, M., Vellecco, V., Bucci, M., Cirino, G., Ziche, M., et al. (2015). Characterization of zofenoprilat as an inducer of functional angiogenesis through increased H2 S availability. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 172(12), 2961-2973.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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