Purpose: We have developed a sequencing assay for determining the usage of the genotypic HIV-1 co-receptor using peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) DNA in virologically suppressed HIV-1 infected patients. Our specific aims were to (1) evaluate the efficiency of V3 sequences in B versus non-B subtypes, (2) compare the efficiency of V3 sequences and tropism prediction using whole blood and PBMCs for DNA extraction, (3) compare the efficiency of V3 sequences and tropism prediction using a single versus a triplicate round of amplification. Results: The overall rate of successful V3 sequences ranged from 100% in samples with >3,000 copies HIV-1 DNA/106 PBMCs to 60% in samples with <100 copies total HIV-1 DNA /106 PBMCs. Analysis of 143 paired PBMCs and whole-blood samples showed successful V3 sequences rates of 77.6% for PBMCs and 83.9% for whole blood. These rates are in agreement with the tropism prediction obtained using the geno2pheno co-receptor algorithm, namely, 92.1% with a false-positive rate (FPR) of 10 or 20% and of 96.5% with an FPR of 5.75%. The agreement between tropism prediction values using single versus triplicate amplification was 98.2% (56/57) of patients using an FPR of 20% and 92.9% (53/57) using an FPR of 10 or 5.75%. For 63.0% (36/57) of patients, the FPR obtained via the single amplification procedure was superimposable to all three FPRs obtained by triplicate amplification. Conclusions: Our results show the feasibility and consistency of genotypic testing on HIV-1 DNA tropism, supporting its possible use for selecting patients with suppressed plasma HIV-1 RNA as candidates for CCR5-antagonist treatment. The high agreement between tropism prediction by single and triple amplification does not support the use of triplicate amplification in clinical practice.
|Titolo:||Genotypic testing on HIV-1 DNA as a tool to assess HIV-1 co-receptor usage in clinical practice: results from the DIVA study group|
|Citazione:||Svicher, V., Alteri, C., Montano, M., Nori, A., D'Arrigo, R., Andreoni, M., et al. (2014). Genotypic testing on HIV-1 DNA as a tool to assess HIV-1 co-receptor usage in clinical practice: results from the DIVA study group. INFECTION, 42(1), 61-71.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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