In recent years there has been growing interest in the development of new diagnostic tools and particularly in laboratory tests for the identification of heart failure (HF) patients. Because of the rise in HF occurrence, it is necessary to use simple and reliable method to recognize those patients at risk before the onset of the clinical symptoms. To date HF diagnosis remains difficult: its symptoms and signs are often non specific as well as being poor sensitive indicators for HF severity. Throughout the last 10 years published literature has highlighted a boom in the use of biomarkers for HF. Both B-type and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptides have demonstrated specific role in heart failure diagnosis, as well as risk assessment. A single determination of BNP at any time during the development of chronic heart failure (CHF) provides a clinically useful tool to establish the outcome. Renal dysfunction is often associated with heart failure and predicts adverse clinical outcomes. Many studies have recently suggested the clinical use of serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in patients admitted to the hospital for acute HF can be used to estimate the risk of early worsening renal function. This could be potentially applied in clinical practice for early identification of renal dysfunction development in patients with HF. NGAL levels appear also to predict renal dysfunction in patients with chronic HF and preserved renal function. For all these reasons, BNP and NGAL are two emerging tools useful for diagnosis and prognosis in HF. The combination of two laboratory biomarkers could potentially identify patients with more elevated risks of both cardiac hemodynamic impairment and kidney dysfunction.

Palazzuoli, A., Beltrami, M., Pellegrini, M., & Nuti, R. (2012). Natriuretic peptides and NGAL in heart failure: does a link exist?. CLINICA CHIMICA ACTA, 413(23-24), 1832-1838 [10.1016/j.cca.2012.07.010.].

Natriuretic peptides and NGAL in heart failure: does a link exist?

PALAZZUOLI, ALBERTO;PELLEGRINI, MARCO;NUTI, RANUCCIO
2012

Abstract

In recent years there has been growing interest in the development of new diagnostic tools and particularly in laboratory tests for the identification of heart failure (HF) patients. Because of the rise in HF occurrence, it is necessary to use simple and reliable method to recognize those patients at risk before the onset of the clinical symptoms. To date HF diagnosis remains difficult: its symptoms and signs are often non specific as well as being poor sensitive indicators for HF severity. Throughout the last 10 years published literature has highlighted a boom in the use of biomarkers for HF. Both B-type and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptides have demonstrated specific role in heart failure diagnosis, as well as risk assessment. A single determination of BNP at any time during the development of chronic heart failure (CHF) provides a clinically useful tool to establish the outcome. Renal dysfunction is often associated with heart failure and predicts adverse clinical outcomes. Many studies have recently suggested the clinical use of serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in patients admitted to the hospital for acute HF can be used to estimate the risk of early worsening renal function. This could be potentially applied in clinical practice for early identification of renal dysfunction development in patients with HF. NGAL levels appear also to predict renal dysfunction in patients with chronic HF and preserved renal function. For all these reasons, BNP and NGAL are two emerging tools useful for diagnosis and prognosis in HF. The combination of two laboratory biomarkers could potentially identify patients with more elevated risks of both cardiac hemodynamic impairment and kidney dysfunction.
Palazzuoli, A., Beltrami, M., Pellegrini, M., & Nuti, R. (2012). Natriuretic peptides and NGAL in heart failure: does a link exist?. CLINICA CHIMICA ACTA, 413(23-24), 1832-1838 [10.1016/j.cca.2012.07.010.].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/974348