OBJECTIVE: Normal sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) amplitude is a classical neurographic rule whether damage is located proximal to the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) as in radiculopathy. The study's aim is to check SNAP reduction in patients with lumbosacral radiculopathy due to herniated disc (HD). METHODS: A total of 108 consecutive patients with lumbosacral monoradiculopathy were prospectively enrolled. The diagnosis was based on clinical findings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Electromyography of muscles of L4-S1 myotomes, motor neurography of peroneal and tibial nerves and sensory neurography of saphenous, superficial peroneal and sural nerves were performed. Percentage decrease in SNAP amplitude of nerves between healthy and affected sides was calculated. RESULTS: Significant SNAP amplitude asymmetry was observed in superficial peroneal nerve in seven patients with L5 (12.1%) and in sural nerve in one patient with S1 (2.4%) radiculopathies. All these patients had foraminal HD. CONCLUSIONS: SNAP amplitude reduction of sensory nerve originating from damaged root is present only in 7% of radiculopathies and is likely due to DRG compression when located proximal to the spinal foramen or within the intraspinal canal. SIGNIFICANCE: Preservation of SNAP amplitude in radiculopathy remains an electrophysiological dogma with a little exception. If the reduction of SNAP amplitude affects other nerves, causes other than radiculopathy should be sought.
|Titolo:||Sensory nerve action potential amplitude is rarely reduced in lumbosacral radiculopathy due to herniated disc.|
|Citazione:||Mondelli, M., Aretini, A., Arrigucci, U., Ginanneschi, F., Greco, G., & Sicurelli, F. (2013). Sensory nerve action potential amplitude is rarely reduced in lumbosacral radiculopathy due to herniated disc. CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, 124(2), 405-409.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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