We address the problem of link reciprocity, the nonrandom presence of two mutual links between pairs of vertices. We propose a new measure of reciprocity that allows the ordering of networks according to their actual degree of correlation between mutual links. We find that real networks are always either correlated or anticorrelated, and that networks of the same type (economic, social, cellular, financial, ecological, etc.) display similar values of the reciprocity. The observed patterns are not reproduced by current models. This leads us to introduce a more general framework where mutual links occur with a conditional connection probability. In some of the studied networks we discuss the form of the conditional connection probability and the size dependence of the reciprocity.
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|Titolo:||Patterns of link reciprocity in directed networks|
|Rivista:||PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS|
|Citazione:||Garlaschelli, D., & Loffredo, M.I. (2004). Patterns of link reciprocity in directed networks. PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 93, 268701-1-268701-4.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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