The pollen coat, which covers the exine wall of pollen, is essential for initial sexual contact and thus successful fertilization in flowering plants. Pollen coat proteins (PCPs) not only mediate species specificity but are also needed for pollen–stigma recognition and pollen germination on the stigma. Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most common cereal crops in the world. To date, only a few PCPs from maize have been identified and characterized. In the present study, we extracted the pollen coat fraction from maize inbred line B73 with chloroform and purified the PCPs via a phenolbased protocol prior to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). By proteomic analysis, 26 protein spots were successfully identified and classified into 12 unique proteins. The protein composition of the maize pollen coat is distinctly different from those of the dicot plants Arabidopsis and rapeseed. Of the proteins identified in this study, eight (including p r o f i l i ns , caleos i n , Zea m 2 , β- expans i n - 1 0 , exopolygalacturonase, Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor 1, Ras-related protein Rab-2-A, and putative subtilase) had not previously been observed in the maize pollen coat. Bioinformatic analysis showed that nine of the PCPs were secreted proteins and that most of them were extracellular. These PCPs are potentially involved in pollen germination and tube growth. The current study extracted and identified the pollen coat proteins of maize, one of the most important crops throughout the world. Proteome profiling of the maize pollen coat revealed many novel protein components potentially involved in pollen–stigma interactions and pollen germination. Our results provide basic knowledge and further the functional characterization of PCPs in wind-pollinated species such as maize.
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|Titolo:||Proteome Profiling of Maize Pollen Coats Reveals Novel Protein Components|
|Rivista:||PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTER|
|Citazione:||Xiaolin, W.u., Cai, G., Fangping, G., Sufang, A.n., Cresti, M., & Wei, W. (2015). Proteome Profiling of Maize Pollen Coats Reveals Novel Protein Components. PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTER, 33, 975-986.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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