We assessed human myelin basic protein (MBP) binding IgM levels in CSF. MBP is the most studied putative antigen in multiple sclerosis (MS) and immune responses against it may be involved in the demyelination process. We also correlated these levels with EDSS score and other parameters of disease progression and prognosis, both at the time of CSF analysis and during follow-up. CSF IgM anti-MBP levels were assayed by measuring total IgM levels with solid-phase ELISA in CSF samples from 66 patients with relapsing-remitting MS, 11 subjects without neurological diseases, 20 patients with non-inflammatory neurological diseases and 7 patients with lymphocytic meningitis, before and after immunoabsorption with human MBP. Confirmation of IgM binding specificity was performed by immunoblotting of positive CSF samples onto MBP coated-nitrocellulose sheets. Clinical evaluation (disability score, number and time of attacks) was performed during a mean follow-up of 2.7 +/- 1.1 years. 23 of the 66 relapsing-remitting MS patients (33.8%) had elevated IgM anti-MBP levels. In this patient subgroup, IgM anti-MBP levels correlated with the IgM index (r = 0.71; P = 0.0001), but not with CSF/serum albumin (r = 0.08; P = 0.72). In the first year of follow-up, patients with low IgM anti-MBP suffered from more numerous attacks than those with elevated levels (0.86 +/- 0.63 versus 0.43 +/- 0.58; P = 0.017). Patients with high IgM binding to MBP had a first attack during follow-up in a significantly higher time than those with low binding (28.87 +/- 4.7 versus 17 +/- 2.6 months, respectively; P = 0.005) and reached a decrease of 0.5 EDSS point significantly faster than those with low IgM (16.17 +/- 1.2 versus 29.7 +/- 2.6 months, respectively; P = 0.0002). A similar significant finding was observed when the time to reach low disability score (EDSS < or = 2.0) was analyzed (10.7 +/- 2.57 +/- 3.3 months, respectively; P = 0.014). These findings demonstrate that in a subgroup of MS patients, elevated CSF levels of IgM anti-MBP are associated with early favorable course and therefore suggest that IgM binding to MBP could be a possible prognostic marker in relapsing-remitting MS to select early MS patients for future trials.

Annunziata, P., Pluchino, S., Martino, T., & Guazzi, G.C. (1997). High levels of cerebrospinal fluid IgM binding to myelin basic protein are associated with early benign course in multiple sclerosis. JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY, 77, 128-133 [10.1016/S0165-5728(97)00074-X].

High levels of cerebrospinal fluid IgM binding to myelin basic protein are associated with early benign course in multiple sclerosis

ANNUNZIATA, PASQUALE;
1997

Abstract

We assessed human myelin basic protein (MBP) binding IgM levels in CSF. MBP is the most studied putative antigen in multiple sclerosis (MS) and immune responses against it may be involved in the demyelination process. We also correlated these levels with EDSS score and other parameters of disease progression and prognosis, both at the time of CSF analysis and during follow-up. CSF IgM anti-MBP levels were assayed by measuring total IgM levels with solid-phase ELISA in CSF samples from 66 patients with relapsing-remitting MS, 11 subjects without neurological diseases, 20 patients with non-inflammatory neurological diseases and 7 patients with lymphocytic meningitis, before and after immunoabsorption with human MBP. Confirmation of IgM binding specificity was performed by immunoblotting of positive CSF samples onto MBP coated-nitrocellulose sheets. Clinical evaluation (disability score, number and time of attacks) was performed during a mean follow-up of 2.7 +/- 1.1 years. 23 of the 66 relapsing-remitting MS patients (33.8%) had elevated IgM anti-MBP levels. In this patient subgroup, IgM anti-MBP levels correlated with the IgM index (r = 0.71; P = 0.0001), but not with CSF/serum albumin (r = 0.08; P = 0.72). In the first year of follow-up, patients with low IgM anti-MBP suffered from more numerous attacks than those with elevated levels (0.86 +/- 0.63 versus 0.43 +/- 0.58; P = 0.017). Patients with high IgM binding to MBP had a first attack during follow-up in a significantly higher time than those with low binding (28.87 +/- 4.7 versus 17 +/- 2.6 months, respectively; P = 0.005) and reached a decrease of 0.5 EDSS point significantly faster than those with low IgM (16.17 +/- 1.2 versus 29.7 +/- 2.6 months, respectively; P = 0.0002). A similar significant finding was observed when the time to reach low disability score (EDSS < or = 2.0) was analyzed (10.7 +/- 2.57 +/- 3.3 months, respectively; P = 0.014). These findings demonstrate that in a subgroup of MS patients, elevated CSF levels of IgM anti-MBP are associated with early favorable course and therefore suggest that IgM binding to MBP could be a possible prognostic marker in relapsing-remitting MS to select early MS patients for future trials.
Annunziata, P., Pluchino, S., Martino, T., & Guazzi, G.C. (1997). High levels of cerebrospinal fluid IgM binding to myelin basic protein are associated with early benign course in multiple sclerosis. JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY, 77, 128-133 [10.1016/S0165-5728(97)00074-X].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/8455
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