We have previously shown that murine bone marrow cells cultured with interleukin 2 (IL-2) produce interferon-α/β (MuIFN-α/β) and that IFN-α/β can suppress in vitro granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming cell formation (GM-CFC). In this study, IL-2 was directly assessed for its ability to inhibit in vitro granulocyte and/or macrophage colony-forming cell formation (GM-CFC/M-CFC). C57BL/6 bone marrow cells were cultured with different colony-stimulating factor (CSF), i.e., partially purified macrophage-CSF (M-CSF) or recombinant granulocyte and macrophage CSF (GM-CSF) in the presence or absence of different IL-2 preparations. Partially purified mouse IL-2 or recombinant human or mouse IL-2 (r-HuIL-2 and rMuIL-2) totally inhibit GM-CFC and M-CFC formation at 7 days of culture. The level of inhibition mediated by IL-2 was concentration-dependent, with as little as 1 U/ml giving total inhibition of colony formation. The ability of IL-2 to inhibit colony formation was completely abolished by treatment with antisera to IL-2. MuIFN-α/β and MuIFN-γ appeared to play no role in IL-2-induced myelosuppression in that addition of antisera to these IFN failed to block IL-2-induced suppression. Myelosuppression mediated by IL-2 was independent of the concentration of CSF used in the bone marrow cultures. Suppression was also not dependent upon the initial presence of T cells or natural killer (NK) cells. Bone marrow cells depleted of Thy-1+, Lyt-1+, Lyt-2+, NK-1.1+, Asialo GM1+, or Qa-5+ cells were as susceptible to IL-2 induced suppression as untreated or complement-treated bone marrow cells. These results suggest that IL-2 may play an important role in regulating different aspects of hematopoiesis.

Naldini, A., Fleischmann, W.R.J., Ballas, Z.K., Klimpel, K.D., & Klimpel, G.R. (1987). Interleukin 2 inhibits in vitro granulocyte-macrophage colony formation. JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY, 139(6), 1880-1884.

Interleukin 2 inhibits in vitro granulocyte-macrophage colony formation

NALDINI, A.;
1987

Abstract

We have previously shown that murine bone marrow cells cultured with interleukin 2 (IL-2) produce interferon-α/β (MuIFN-α/β) and that IFN-α/β can suppress in vitro granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming cell formation (GM-CFC). In this study, IL-2 was directly assessed for its ability to inhibit in vitro granulocyte and/or macrophage colony-forming cell formation (GM-CFC/M-CFC). C57BL/6 bone marrow cells were cultured with different colony-stimulating factor (CSF), i.e., partially purified macrophage-CSF (M-CSF) or recombinant granulocyte and macrophage CSF (GM-CSF) in the presence or absence of different IL-2 preparations. Partially purified mouse IL-2 or recombinant human or mouse IL-2 (r-HuIL-2 and rMuIL-2) totally inhibit GM-CFC and M-CFC formation at 7 days of culture. The level of inhibition mediated by IL-2 was concentration-dependent, with as little as 1 U/ml giving total inhibition of colony formation. The ability of IL-2 to inhibit colony formation was completely abolished by treatment with antisera to IL-2. MuIFN-α/β and MuIFN-γ appeared to play no role in IL-2-induced myelosuppression in that addition of antisera to these IFN failed to block IL-2-induced suppression. Myelosuppression mediated by IL-2 was independent of the concentration of CSF used in the bone marrow cultures. Suppression was also not dependent upon the initial presence of T cells or natural killer (NK) cells. Bone marrow cells depleted of Thy-1+, Lyt-1+, Lyt-2+, NK-1.1+, Asialo GM1+, or Qa-5+ cells were as susceptible to IL-2 induced suppression as untreated or complement-treated bone marrow cells. These results suggest that IL-2 may play an important role in regulating different aspects of hematopoiesis.
Naldini, A., Fleischmann, W.R.J., Ballas, Z.K., Klimpel, K.D., & Klimpel, G.R. (1987). Interleukin 2 inhibits in vitro granulocyte-macrophage colony formation. JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY, 139(6), 1880-1884.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/8321
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