CASPT2//CASSCF/6-31G* photochemical reaction path computations for two 4-cis-nona-2,4,6,8-tetraeniminium cation derivatives, with the 4-cis double bond embedded in a seven- and eight-member ring, are carried out to model the reactivity of the corresponding ring-locked retinal chromophores. The comparison of the excited state branches of the two reaction paths with that of the native chromophore, is used to unveil the factors responsible for the remarkably short (60 fs) excited state (S1) lifetime observed when an artificial rhodopsin containing an eight member ring-locked retinal is photoexcited. Indeed, it is shown that the strain imposed by the eight-member ring on the chromophore backbone leads to a dramatic change in the shape of the S1 energy surface. Our models are also used to investigate the nature of the primary photoproducts observed in different artificial rhodopsins. It is seen that only the eight member ring-locked retinal model can access a shallow energy minimum on the ground state. This result implies that the primary, photorhodopsin-like, transient observed in artificial rhodopsins could correspond to a shallow excited state minimum. Similarly, the second, bathorhodopsin-like, transient species could be assigned to a ground state structure displaying a nearly all-trans conformation.
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|Titolo:||Photoisomerization Mechanism of 11-cis-Locked Artificial Retinal Chromophores: Acceleration and Primary Photoproduct Assignment|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|