Median age at diagnosis for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) patients is now 72 years, thus a consistent number of patients may not tolerate standard doses i.v. of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR), the best available therapy, due to unacceptable myelotoxicity and risk of severe infections. We studied safety and efficacy of the addition of rituximab to the oral low-dose FC regimen (old-FCR) in a selected population of 30 elderly (median age 75, 15 untreated, 15 treated with 1 prior therapy) CLL patients. Complete remission (CR) rate was 80% in the untreated patients (overall response rate, ORR 93%), and 30% in pretreated patients (ORR 74%). Progression free survivals (PFS) were 45 months and 30 months in the untreated and treated patients, respectively. In patients achieving CR, old-FCR led to PFS of 67 months. Moreover, haematological toxicity was mild (grade 3-4: 15%) and patients were treated mostly in outpatient clinic. Old-FCR could be a good therapy option for elderly CLL patients outside clinical trials, larger studies are needed to confirm our findings.
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|Titolo:||Chemoimmunotherapy with oral low-dose fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (old-FCR) as treatment for elderly patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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