Analyses of structural and geomorphological data combined with remote sensing interpretation confirm previous knowledge on the existence of an extensional Quaternary tectonic regime in the Colfiorito area (Umbro-Marchean Central Apennines). This is characterized by a maximum principal axis of finite strain oriented approx. NE-SW, which is the result of a progressive deformation process due to pure and radial extension. Surface geological data, the crustal tectonic setting (reconstructed using a CROP 03 seismic reflection profile), and seismological data relative to the autumn 1997 Colfiorito earthquake sequence constrain the following seismotectonic model. We interpret the seismogenic SW-dipping low-angle normal fault pictured by seismic data as an inverted thrust ramp located in the basement at depth between 5 and 10 km. The surface projection of this seismogenic structure defines a crustal box within which high-angle normal faults are responsible for the deformation of the uppermost crust. The regional patterns of pre-existing basement thrusts therefore control the seismotectonic zoning of the area that cannot be directly related to the high-angle normal fault systems which cut through different crustal boxes; the latter system records, in fact, re-shear along pre-existing normal faults. Moreover, Quaternary slip-rates relative to high-angle normal faults in the Central Apennines are closely related to seismic hazard within each crustal box.

Calamita, F., Coltorti, M., Piccinini, D., Pierantoni, P.P., Pizzi, A., Ripepe, M., et al. (2000). Quaternary faults and seismicity in the Umbria-Marchean Apennines (Central Italy): evidence from the 1997 Colfiorito earthquake. JOURNAL OF GEODYNAMICS, 29(3-5), 245-264 [10.1016/S0264-3707(99)00054-X].

Quaternary faults and seismicity in the Umbria-Marchean Apennines (Central Italy): evidence from the 1997 Colfiorito earthquake

COLTORTI, M.;TURCO, E.
2000

Abstract

Analyses of structural and geomorphological data combined with remote sensing interpretation confirm previous knowledge on the existence of an extensional Quaternary tectonic regime in the Colfiorito area (Umbro-Marchean Central Apennines). This is characterized by a maximum principal axis of finite strain oriented approx. NE-SW, which is the result of a progressive deformation process due to pure and radial extension. Surface geological data, the crustal tectonic setting (reconstructed using a CROP 03 seismic reflection profile), and seismological data relative to the autumn 1997 Colfiorito earthquake sequence constrain the following seismotectonic model. We interpret the seismogenic SW-dipping low-angle normal fault pictured by seismic data as an inverted thrust ramp located in the basement at depth between 5 and 10 km. The surface projection of this seismogenic structure defines a crustal box within which high-angle normal faults are responsible for the deformation of the uppermost crust. The regional patterns of pre-existing basement thrusts therefore control the seismotectonic zoning of the area that cannot be directly related to the high-angle normal fault systems which cut through different crustal boxes; the latter system records, in fact, re-shear along pre-existing normal faults. Moreover, Quaternary slip-rates relative to high-angle normal faults in the Central Apennines are closely related to seismic hazard within each crustal box.
Calamita, F., Coltorti, M., Piccinini, D., Pierantoni, P.P., Pizzi, A., Ripepe, M., et al. (2000). Quaternary faults and seismicity in the Umbria-Marchean Apennines (Central Italy): evidence from the 1997 Colfiorito earthquake. JOURNAL OF GEODYNAMICS, 29(3-5), 245-264 [10.1016/S0264-3707(99)00054-X].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/47953
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